Laurus nobilis
Laurel Lau"rel, n. [OE. lorel, laurer, lorer, OF. lorier, laurier, F. laurier, (assumed) LL. Laurarius, fr. L. laurus.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus {Laurus} ({Laurus nobilis}), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also {sweet bay}.

Note: The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name is extended to other plants which in some respect resemble the true laurel. See Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

2. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels. [1913 Webster]

3. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because the king's head on it was crowned with laurel. [1913 Webster]

{Laurel water}, water distilled from the fresh leaves of the cherry laurel, and containing prussic acid and other products carried over in the process. [1913 Webster]

{American laurel}, or {Mountain laurel}, {Kalmia latifolia}; called also {calico bush}. See under {Mountain}.

{California laurel}, {Umbellularia Californica}.

{Cherry laurel} (in England called {laurel}). See under {Cherry}.

{Great laurel}, the rosebay ({Rhododendron maximum}).

{Ground laurel}, trailing arbutus.

{New Zealand laurel}, the {Laurelia Nov[ae] Zelandi[ae]}.

{Portugal laurel}, the {Prunus Lusitanica}.

{Rose laurel}, the oleander. See {Oleander}.

{Sheep laurel}, a poisonous shrub, {Kalmia angustifolia}, smaller than the mountain laurel, and with smaller and redder flowers.

{Spurge laurel}, {Daphne Laureola}.

{West Indian laurel}, {Prunus occidentalis}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laurus nobilis — Laurus Lau rus, n. [L., laurel.] (Bot.) A genus of trees including, according to modern authors, only the true laurel ({Laurus nobilis}), and the larger {Laurus Canariensis} of Madeira and the Canary Islands. Formerly the sassafras, the camphor… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laurus nobilis — Laurier sauce Pour les articles homonymes, voir Laurier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laurus nobilis — Para otros usos de este término, véase Laurel (desambiguación).   Laurel …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laurus nobilis — Dieser Artikel behandelt die bekannte Gewürzpflanze, zu weiteren Bedeutungen des Begriffs Lorbeer siehe Lorbeer (Begriffsklärung). Echter Lorbeer Pflanzenteile des Echten Lorbeers (Laurus nobilis) Systematik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laurus nobilis — Bay Bay, n. [F. baie a berry, the fruit of the laurel and other trees, fr. L. baca, bacca, a small round fruit, a berry, akin to Lith. bapka laurel berry.] 1. A berry, particularly of the laurel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. The laurel tree ({Laurus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laurus nobilis — Bay Bay, n. [F. baie a berry, the fruit of the laurel and other trees, fr. L. baca, bacca, a small round fruit, a berry, akin to Lith. bapka laurel berry.] 1. A berry, particularly of the laurel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. The laurel tree ({Laurus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laurus nobilis — kilnusis lauramedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Lauramedinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Laurus nobilis), paplitęs pietvakarių Azijoje, šiaurės Afrikoje ir pietų Europoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Laurus nobilis — Lauric Lau ric, a. 1. Pertaining to, or derived from, the European bay or laurel ({Laurus nobilis}). [1913 Webster] 2. pertaining to or combined with {lauric acid}, the 12 carbon member of the fatty acid series; combined with the acyl group of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laurus nobilis — Laurin Lau rin, n. [Cf. F. laurine.] (Chem.) A white crystalline substance extracted from the fruit of the bay ({Laurus nobilis}), and consisting of a complex mixture of glycerin ethers of several organic acids. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laurus nobilis — Royal Roy al, a. [OE. roial, riall, real, OF. roial. reial, F. royal, fr. L. regalis, fr. rex, regis, king. See {Rich}, and cf. {regal}, {real} a coin, {Rial}.] 1. Kingly; pertaining to the crown or the sovereign; suitable for a king or queen;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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