Lathe
Lathe Lathe (l[=a][th]), n. [OE. lathe a granary; akin to G. lade a chest, Icel. hla[eth]a a storehouse, barn; but cf. also Icel. l["o][eth] a smith's lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perh. of the same origin as lathe a granary, the original meaning being, a frame to hold something. If so, the word is from an older form of E. lade to load. See {Lade} to load.] 1. A granary; a barn. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

2. (Mach.) A machine for turning, that is, for shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool. [1913 Webster]

3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also {lay} and {batten}. [1913 Webster]

{Blanchard lathe}, a lathe for turning irregular forms after a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like.

{Drill lathe}, or {Speed lathe}, a small lathe which, from its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe.

{Engine lathe}, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring metals, cutting screws, etc.

{Foot lathe}, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by the foot.

{Geometric lathe}. See under {Geometric}

{Hand lathe}, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe without an automatic feed for the tool.

{Slide lathe}, an engine lathe.

{Throw lathe}, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the cutting tool is held in the other. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lathe — [lāth] n. [ME lath, turning lathe, supporting stand, prob. < MDu lade in the same senses (> Dan dreielad, turning lathe): for IE base see LADE] a machine for shaping an article of wood, metal, etc. by holding and turning it rapidly against… …   English World dictionary

  • lathe — (n.) machine for turning, early 14c., of uncertain origin, probably from a Scandinavian source (Cf. Dan. drejelad turning lathe, O.N. hlaða pile of shavings under a lathe, related to hlaða to load, lade ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lathe — (l[aum][th]), n. [AS. l[=ae][eth]. Of uncertain origin.] Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [Written also {lath}.] Brande & C.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lathe — lathe·man; lathe; …   English syllables

  • Lathe —   [dt. »Drehbank«], im Bereich der Computergrafik ein Verfahren, das aus einer Profilkurve Rotationskörper erzeugt, z. B. eine Vase oder eine Trommel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • lathe — [leıð] n [Date: 1600 1700; Origin: Probably from lath supporting frame (14 15 centuries), perhaps from Danish lad] a machine that shapes wood or metal, by turning it around and around against a sharp tool …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lathe — [ leıð ] noun count a machine that holds a piece of wood or metal and spins it around so you can cut and shape it evenly …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lathe — ► NOUN ▪ a machine for shaping wood or metal by means of a rotating drive which turns the piece being worked on against changeable cutting tools. ORIGIN probably from Old Danish lad structure, frame …   English terms dictionary

  • Lathe — A lathe (pronEng|ˈleɪð) is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object which has… …   Wikipedia

  • lathe — /laydh/, n., v., lathed, lathing. n. 1. a machine for use in working wood, metal, etc., that holds the material and rotates it about a horizontal axis against a tool that shapes it. v.t. 2. to cut, shape, or otherwise treat on a lathe. [1300 50;… …   Universalium

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