Abyssal zone

Abyssal zone
Zone one (z[=o]n), n. [F. zone, L. zona, Gr. zw`nh; akin to zwnny`nai to gird, Lith. j[*u]sta a girdle, j[*u]sti to gird, Zend y[=a]h.] 1. A girdle; a cincture. [Poetic] [1913 Webster]

An embroidered zone surrounds her waist. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Loose were her tresses seen, her zone unbound. --Collins. [1913 Webster]

2. (Geog.) One of the five great divisions of the earth, with respect to latitude and temperature. [1913 Webster]

Note: The zones are five: the torrid zone, extending from tropic to tropic 46[deg] 56[min], or 23[deg] 28[min] on each side of the equator; two temperate or variable zones, situated between the tropics and the polar circles; and two frigid zones, situated between the polar circles and the poles. [1913 Webster]

Commerce . . . defies every wind, outrides every tempest, and invades. --Bancroft. [1913 Webster]

3. (Math.) The portion of the surface of a sphere included between two parallel planes; the portion of a surface of revolution included between two planes perpendicular to the axis. --Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.) [1913 Webster]

4. (Nat. Hist.) (a) A band or stripe extending around a body. (b) A band or area of growth encircling anything; as, a zone of evergreens on a mountain; the zone of animal or vegetable life in the ocean around an island or a continent; the Alpine zone, that part of mountains which is above the limit of tree growth. [1913 Webster]

5. (Crystallog.) A series of planes having mutually parallel intersections. [1913 Webster]

6. Circuit; circumference. [R.] --Milton. [1913 Webster]

7. (Biogeography) An area or part of a region characterized by uniform or similar animal and plant life; a life zone; as, Littoral zone, Austral zone, etc.

Note: The zones, or life zones, commonly recognized for North America are Arctic, Hudsonian, Canadian, Transition, Upper Austral, Lower Austral, and Tropical. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

8. (Cryst.) A series of faces whose intersection lines with each other are parallel. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

9. (Railroad Econ.) (a) The aggregate of stations, in whatsoever direction or on whatsoever line of railroad, situated between certain maximum and minimum limits from a point at which a shipment of traffic originates. (b) Any circular or ring-shaped area within which the street-car companies make no differences of fare. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

10. any area to or within which a shipment or transportation cost is constant; specifically, in the United States parcel-post system, any of the areas about any point of shipment for which but one rate of postage is charged for a parcel post shipment from that point. The rate increases from within outwards. The first zone includes the unit of area ``(a quadrangle 30 minutes square)'' in which the place of shipment is situated and the 8 contiguous units; the outer limits of the second to the seventh zones, respectively, are approximately 150, 300, 600, 1000, 1400, and 1800 miles from the point of shipment; the eighth zone includes all units of area outside the seventh zone. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

{Abyssal zone}. (Phys. Geog.) See under {Abyssal}.

{Zone axis} (Crystallog.), a straight line passing through the center of a crystal, to which all the planes of a given zone are parallel. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abyssal zone — Abyssal redirects here. For the Envy album, see Abyssal (album). Aquatic layers Pelagic    Photic      …   Wikipedia

  • abyssal zone — n. the ecological zone along the deep ocean floor between the bathyal and hadal zones * * * ▪ geology       portion of the ocean deeper than about 2,000 m (6,600 feet) and shallower than about 6,000 m (20,000 feet). The zone is defined mainly by… …   Universalium

  • Abyssal zone — Abyssal A*byss al, a. [Cf. {Abysmal}.] Belonging to, or resembling, an abyss; unfathomable. [1913 Webster] {Abyssal zone} (Phys. Geog.), one of the belts or zones into which Sir E. Forbes divides the bottom of the sea in describing its plants,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abyssal zone — n. the ecological zone along the deep ocean floor between the bathyal and hadal zones …   English World dictionary

  • abyssal zone — the middle zone of the deep sea between 3700 and 6000 metres …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • abyssal zone — /əˈbɪsəl zoʊn/ (say uh bisuhl zohn) noun → abyssopelagic zone …   Australian English dictionary

  • abyssal zone — noun the deep sea (2000 meters or more) where there is no light • Hypernyms: ↑ocean floor, ↑sea floor, ↑ocean bottom, ↑seabed, ↑sea bottom, ↑Davy Jones s locker, ↑Davy Jones * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • ultra-abyssal zone — hadalė statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Giliausia vandenyno zona (6000–8000 m), kurios biotopuose gyvena prie vandenyno gelmių ir tamsos prisitaikę organizmai. atitikmenys: angl. hadal; hadal zone; ultra abyssal zone vok.… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • ultra-abyssal zone — hadal zone, q.v …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • abyssal — abyssal, ale, aux [ abisal, o ] adj. • 1885; « dont l immensité est insondable » théol. 1521; du lat. abyssus « abîme » ♦ Géogr. Des grandes profondeurs, qui a rapport aux abysses. ⇒ hadal. Fosses abyssales. Faune abyssale. ⇒ pélagique. ● abyssal …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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