Known
Know Know (n[=o]), v. t. [imp. {Knew} (n[=u]); p. p. {Known} (n[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Knowing}.] [OE. knowen, knawen, AS. cn["a]wan; akin to OHG. chn["a]an (in comp.), Icel. kn["a] to be able, Russ. znate to know, L. gnoscere, noscere, Gr. gighw`skein, Skr. jn[=a]; fr. the root of E. can, v. i., ken. [root]45. See {Ken}, {Can} to be able, and cf. {Acquaint}, {Cognition}, {Gnome}, {Ignore}, {Noble}, {Note}.] 1. To perceive or apprehend clearly and certainly; to understand; to have full information of; as, to know one's duty. [1913 Webster]

O, that a man might know The end of this day's business ere it come! --Shak. [1913 Webster]

There is a certainty in the proposition, and we know it. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Know how sublime a thing it is To suffer and be strong. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster]

2. To be convinced of the truth of; to be fully assured of; as, to know things from information. [1913 Webster]

3. To be acquainted with; to be no stranger to; to be more or less familiar with the person, character, etc., of; to possess experience of; as, to know an author; to know the rules of an organization. [1913 Webster]

He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin. --2 Cor. v. 21. [1913 Webster]

Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. To recognize; to distinguish; to discern the character of; as, to know a person's face or figure. [1913 Webster]

Ye shall know them by their fruits. --Matt. vil. 16. [1913 Webster]

And their eyes were opened, and they knew him. --Luke xxiv. 31. [1913 Webster]

To know Faithful friend from flattering foe. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

At nearer view he thought he knew the dead. --Flatman. [1913 Webster]

5. To have sexual intercourse with. [1913 Webster]

And Adam knew Eve his wife. --Gen. iv. 1. [1913 Webster]

Note: Know is often followed by an objective and an infinitive (with or without to) or a participle, a dependent sentence, etc. [1913 Webster]

And I knew that thou hearest me always. --John xi. 42. [1913 Webster]

The monk he instantly knew to be the prior. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

In other hands I have known money do good. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

{To know how}, to understand the manner, way, or means; to have requisite information, intelligence, or sagacity. How is sometimes omitted. `` If we fear to die, or know not to be patient.'' --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • known — [nōn] vt., vi. pp. of KNOW adj. 1. within one s knowledge, understanding, etc.; familiar 2. recognized, proven, etc. [a known expert, a known theory] n. a known person or thing …   English World dictionary

  • Known — Known, p. p. of {Know}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • known — [adj] famous, popular accepted, acknowledged, admitted, avowed, celebrated, certified, common, confessed, conscious, down pat*, established, familiar, hackneyed, manifest, noted, notorious, obvious, patent, plain, proverbial, published, received …   New thesaurus

  • known — past participle of KNOW(Cf. ↑knowable). ► ADJECTIVE 1) recognized, familiar, or within the scope of knowledge. 2) publicly acknowledged to be: a known criminal. 3) Mathematics (of a quantity or variable) having a value that can be stated …   English terms dictionary

  • known — index apparent (perceptible), cognizable, famous, illustrious, ordinary, outstanding (prominent) …   Law dictionary

  • known — pp. of KNOW (Cf. know) …   Etymology dictionary

  • known — adj. 1) known as (known as a patron of the arts) 2) known for (known for being witty) 3) known to (known to everyone) 4) (cannot stand alone) known to + inf. (he is known to frequent that bar; she is known to be a patron of the arts) 5) known… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • known — known1 [nəun US noun] the past participle of ↑know 1 known 2 known2 W3 adj 1.) [only before noun] used about something that people know about or have discovered ▪ a study of all the known facts ▪ her last known address ▪ Apart from vaccines,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • known — known1 [ noun ] adjective only before noun ** 1. ) used for describing something that people know about or have discovered: a theory that fits the known facts The documents were delivered to his last known address. a disease with no known cure He …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • known — [[t]no͟ʊn[/t]] 1) Known is the past participle of know. 2) ADJ: ADJ n, v link ADJ prep, v link adv ADJ You use known to describe someone or something that is clearly recognized by or familiar to all people or to a particular group of people.… …   English dictionary

  • known — I UK [nəʊn] / US [noʊn] adjective [only before noun] ** 1) used for describing something that people know about or have discovered a theory that fits the known facts The documents were delivered to his last known address. a disease with no known… …   English dictionary

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