Knight marshal
Marshal Mar"shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar['e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah-scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar['e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See {Mare} horse, and cf. {Seneschal}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Originally, an officer who had the care of horses; a groom. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

2. An officer of high rank, charged with the arrangement of ceremonies, the conduct of operations, or the like; as, specifically: (a) One who goes before a prince to declare his coming and provide entertainment; a harbinger; a pursuivant. (b) One who regulates rank and order at a feast or any other assembly, directs the order of procession, and the like. (c) The chief officer of arms, whose duty it was, in ancient times, to regulate combats in the lists. --Johnson. (d) (France) The highest military officer. In other countries of Europe a marshal is a military officer of high rank, and called {field marshal}. (e) (Am. Law) A ministerial officer, appointed for each judicial district of the United States, to execute the process of the courts of the United States, and perform various duties, similar to those of a sheriff. The name is also sometimes applied to certain police officers of a city. [1913 Webster]

{Earl marshal of England}, the eighth officer of state; an honorary title, and personal, until made hereditary in the family of the Duke of Norfolk. During a vacancy in the office of high constable, the earl marshal has jurisdiction in the court of chivalry. --Brande & C.

{Earl marshal of Scotland}, an officer who had command of the cavalry under the constable. This office was held by the family of Keith, but forfeited by rebellion in 1715.

{Knight marshal}, or {Marshal of the King's house}, formerly, in England, the marshal of the king's house, who was authorized to hear and determine all pleas of the Crown, to punish faults committed within the verge, etc. His court was called the Court of Marshalsea.

{Marshal of the Queen's Bench}, formerly the title of the officer who had the custody of the Queen's bench prison in Southwark. --Mozley & W. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Knight marshal — Knight mar shal . (Eng. Law) An officer in the household of the British sovereign, who has cognizance of transgressions within the royal household and verge, and of contracts made there, a member of the household being one of the parties. Wharton …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knight marshal — noun (plural knights marshals) 1. : a former military officer analogous to the modern quartermaster 2. : a onetime officer of the British royal household who had judicial cognizance of transgressions committed in the royal household or verge and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • knight marshal — noun historical an officer of the royal household with judicial functions …   English new terms dictionary

  • knight-marshal — In English law, an officer in the royal household who has jurisdiction and cognizance of offenses committed within the household and verge, and of all contracts made therein, a member of the household being one of the parties …   Black's law dictionary

  • knight-marshal — In English law, an officer in the royal household who has jurisdiction and cognizance of offenses committed within the household and verge, and of all contracts made therein, a member of the household being one of the parties …   Black's law dictionary

  • knight marshal — A keeper of decorum within the royal household of the king of England …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Marshal — Mar shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar[ e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar[ e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See {Mare}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marshal of the King's house — Marshal Mar shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar[ e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar[ e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marshal of the Queen's Bench — Marshal Mar shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar[ e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar[ e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • marshal — The President is required to appoint a U.S. marshal to each judicial district. It is the responsibility of U.S. marshals to execute all lawful writs, process and orders issued under authority of the United States. In executing the laws of the… …   Black's law dictionary

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