kibbutz kib*butz" (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl. {Kibbutzim}. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.] an Israeli communal[2] form of agricultural settlement. Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a very high level of sharing, including collective rearing of children. More recently (by 1998) industries have taken over a significant role in the Kibbutz economy, and the level of sharing has dropped significantly.

Note: Of several Modern Hebrew words designating unique Israeli forms of agricultural settlement, only the word Kibbutz found its way into English. This may reflect the fact that the Kibbutzim, and only they, have long practiced hosting foreign volunteers from all over the world: youngsters who work on the Kibbutz not for a salary but for boarding and food. Many volunteers come from English speaking countries, and probably via them the word Kibbutz entered modern English dictionaries. [RP]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kibbutzim — Als Kibbuz (hebräisch: קִבּוּץ, „Zusammenkunft“; Mehrzahl Kibbuzim) bezeichnet man eine ländliche Kollektivsiedlung in Israel mit gemeinsamem Eigentum und basisdemokratischen Strukturen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Ideologie des Kibbuz 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kibbutzim — Agricultural settlements inspired by socialist and anarchist ideals, established by Jewish settlers in Palestine, in which working and domestic arrangements, including child care, are shared by members. They later came to employ wage labour and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • kibbutzim — kib·butz || kɪ buːts n. communal farm or factory in Israel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • List of kibbutzim — The following is a list of kibbutzim ( he. קיבוצים) in Israel by affiliation, with their year of foundation in brackets:Kibbutzim in the Kibbutz Movement*Adamit (1958) *Afek (1939) *Afik (1967) *Afikim 1932) *Almog (1977) *Allonim (1938) *Alumot… …   Wikipedia

  • IḤUD HA-KEVUẒOT VE-HA-KIBBUTZIM — IḤUD HA KEVUẒOT VE HA KIBBUTZIM, a federation of collective settlements in Israel founded in 1951 by the merger of the mapai oriented kibbutzim, which seceded from Ha Kibbutz ha Me uḥad , with the union of smaller collective settlements called… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • United Kibbutzim Movement — one of the national kibbutz movements …   English contemporary dictionary

  • KIBBUTZ MOVEMENT — The kibbutz, or kevuẓah (plural: kibbutzim, kevuẓot) is a voluntary collective community, mainly agricultural, in which there is no private wealth and which is responsible for all the needs of the members and their families. The kibbutz movement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”