Kerosene
Kerosene Ker"o*sene`, n. [Gr. ? wax.] An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also {coal oil}. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175 - 325[deg] C) than gasoline or the petroleum ethers, and a lower boling point than the oils. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Kerosene — Kerosene, sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage, [Webster s New World College Dictionary, kerosene .] is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid. The name is derived from Greek keros (κηρός wax). The word Kerosene was registered… …   Wikipedia

  • Kérosène — Général No CAS 8008 20 6 No EINECS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kérosène — [ kerozɛn ] n. m. • 1863; var. kérosine 1862; du gr. kêros « cire » et ène ♦ Pétrole lampant obtenu par distillation des huiles brutes de pétrole. Le kérosène est utilisé pour l alimentation des réacteurs d avions. ● kérosène nom masculin (grec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kerosene — Kérosène Kérosène Général No CAS 8008 20 6 No EINECS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kerosene — 1852, coined irregularly by Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner (1797 1864), who discovered how to distill it c.1846, from Gk. keros wax + chemical suffix ene. So called because it contains paraffin (hence the British English name, paraffin oil) …   Etymology dictionary

  • kerosene — (also kerosine) ► NOUN ▪ a light fuel oil obtained by distilling petroleum, used especially in jet engines and domestic heating boilers; paraffin oil. ORIGIN from Greek k ros wax …   English terms dictionary

  • kerosene — ☆ kerosene [ker′ə sēn΄, ker΄ə sēn′ ] n. [Gr kēros, wax + ENE] a thin oil distilled from petroleum or shale oil, used as a fuel, solvent, illuminant, etc.; coal oil: also, esp. in scientific and industrial usage, sp. kerosine …   English World dictionary

  • kerosene — /ker euh seen , kar , ker euh seen , kar /, n. 1. a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like, and widely used as a fuel, cleaning solvent, etc. adj. 2. using or fueled by kerosene: a kerosene… …   Universalium

  • kerosene — (#1 fuel oil)    Flash point generally between 100 and 150° F. Explosive limits of 0.7% to 5.0%. Kerosene consists mostly of C9 through C17 hydrocarbons. In order to be identified as kerosene, a sample extract must exhibit a homologous series… …   Forensic science glossary

  • Kerosene —   A type of heating fuel derived by refining crude oil that has a boiling range at atmospheric pressure from 400 degrees to 550 degrees F.   ***   A light petroleum distillate that is used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters and is… …   Energy terms

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