Kermes
Kermes Ker"mes, n. [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See {Crimson}, and cf. {Alkermes}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect ({Kermes ilices} formerly {Coccus ilicis}), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine. [Written also {chermes}.] [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) A small European evergreen oak ({Quercus coccifera}) on which the kermes insect ({Kermes ilices}, formerly {Coccus ilicis}) feeds. --J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) [NL.] A genus of scale insects including many species that feed on oaks. The adult female resembles a small gall. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Kermes mineral}. (a) (Old Chem.) An artificial amorphous trisulphide of antimony; -- so called on account of its red color. (b) (Med. Chem.) A compound of the trioxide and trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This substance occurs in nature as the mineral {kermesite}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kermès — [ kɛrmɛs ] n. m. • 1440; ar. al qirmiz, par l esp. alkermes → cramoisi 1 ♦ Insecte hémiptère (cochenilles) parasite de certains chênes, et dont les œufs séchés et traités servaient à fabriquer une teinture écarlate. Cette teinture. 2 ♦ Kermès ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kermes — is a term that can refer to : * the insect genus Kermes , which includes Kermes ilicis and Kermes vermilio * Kermes (dye) made from it, of a crimson color * Kermes Oak the insect lives on *Kermes the name of a berry, used in the once famous… …   Wikipedia

  • Kermes — Sm per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Das Wort kommt vor allem in Tier und Pflanzenbezeichnungen vor, die mit rot zu tun haben (Kermes Schildlaus, Kermes Eiche). Entlehnt aus span. carmesí, der Bezeichnung eines roten Farbstoffs… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • kermes — [kʉr′mēz΄] n. [Fr kermès < Ar & Pers qirmiz: see CARMINE] 1. the dried bodies of the females of certain soft scale insects (genus Kermes), used for making a purple red dye 2. this dye 3. a small, evergreen Mediterranean oak (Quercus coccifera) …   English World dictionary

  • Kermes — Kermès Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Kermès (de l arabe qirmiz (قرمز) du persan qirmiz (قرمز) : sanglant ; rouge ; cochenille) est l autre nom d une cochenille… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kermes — (Alkermes, Kermes oder Purpurkörner, Scharlachkörner), die getrockneten weiblichen Insekten von Coccus ilicis, auf den Blättern der Steineiche im südlichen Europa lebend, häutige, runde, glatte, oft bestäubte Körner von braunroter Farbe, ungefähr …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • kermes — o quermes sustantivo masculino 1. (macho y hembra) Insecto parecido a la cochinilla, que vive en la coscoja. kermés o kermes, o quermés o quermesse sustantivo femenino …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • kermés — Adaptación gráfica de la voz francesa de origen neerlandés kermesse, que significa ‘verbena de carácter benéfico’ y, en general, ‘fiesta popular al aire libre’: «La kermés se organiza para obtener recursos para el sostenimiento de la institución» …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • kermes — c.1600, from Fr. kermès, from Arabic qirmiz (see CRIMSON (Cf. crimson)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • kermés — o kermes, o quermés o quermesse sustantivo femenino 1. Fiesta popular de los Países Bajos. 2. Uso/registro: restringido en España. Origen …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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