kaolin
Clay Clay (kl[=a]), n. [AS. cl[=ae]g; akin to LG. klei, D. klei, and perh. to AS. cl[=a]m clay, L. glus, gluten glue, Gr. gloio`s glutinous substance, E. glue. Cf. {Clog}.] 1. A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminium. It is the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part, of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often present as impurities. [1913 Webster]

2. (Poetry & Script.) Earth in general, as representing the elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human body as formed from such particles. [1913 Webster]

I also am formed out of the clay. --Job xxxiii. 6. [1913 Webster]

The earth is covered thick with other clay, Which her own clay shall cover. --Byron. [1913 Webster]

{Bowlder clay}. See under {Bowlder}.

{Brick clay}, the common clay, containing some iron, and therefore turning red when burned.

{Clay cold}, cold as clay or earth; lifeless; inanimate.

{Clay ironstone}, an ore of iron consisting of the oxide or carbonate of iron mixed with clay or sand.

{Clay marl}, a whitish, smooth, chalky clay.

{Clay mill}, a mill for mixing and tempering clay; a pug mill.

{Clay pit}, a pit where clay is dug.

{Clay slate} (Min.), argillaceous schist; argillite.

{Fatty clays}, clays having a greasy feel; they are chemical compounds of water, silica, and aluminia, as {halloysite}, {bole}, etc.

{Fire clay}, a variety of clay, entirely free from lime, iron, or an alkali, and therefore infusible, and used for fire brick.

{Porcelain clay}, a very pure variety, formed directly from the decomposition of feldspar, and often called {kaolin}.

{Potter's clay}, a tolerably pure kind, free from iron. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kaolin — Kaolin, auch als Porzellanerde, Porzellanton, weiße Tonerde, Aluminiumsilikat oder in der Apotheke als Bolus Alba oder Pfeifenerde bezeichnet, ist ein feines, eisenfreies, weißes Gestein, das als Hauptbestandteil Kaolinit, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kaolin — [ kaɔlɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1739; kao lin 1712; chin. kaoling, proprt « colline élevée », n. du lieu où l on extrayait le kaolin ♦ Silicate d alumine pur, provenant de l altération ( oukaolinisationn. f.) des feldspaths, des granits, argile réfractaire… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kaolin — (Kaolinit, Porzellanerde, Argillit, China clay) H2Al2Si2O9, reinster Ton, kristallisiert nach Miers monoklin, nach Reusch triklin in sehr kleinen durchsichtigen sechsseitigen Täfelchen oder Blättchen, ähnlich dem Glimmer. Die Blättchen spalten… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • kaolin — china clay, 1727, from Fr. kaolin (1712), from Chinese Kao ling, transliteration of the name of a mountain in Jiangxi, China (near which it was originally dug up), from Chinese gao high + ling mountain, hill …   Etymology dictionary

  • Kaolin — Ka o*lin, Kaoline Ka o*line, n. [Chin. kao ling.] (Min.) A very pure white clay, ordinarily in the form of an impalpable powder, and used to form the paste of porcelain; China clay; porcelain clay. It is chiefly derived from the decomposition of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kaolin — (Mineral), so v.w. Caolin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kaolīn — (Kaolinit, nach dem chinesischen Kaoling, Porzellanerde), ein natürlich vorkommendes Tonerdesilikat, selten in kleinen, sechsseitigen, tafelförmigen Schüppchen und in feinschuppigen Aggregaten von schneeweißer Farbe (Nakrit) auf Erzgängen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kaolin — Kaolīn, Porzellanerde, reinste, weiße, fettige Tonerde, Produkt der Verwitterung des Feldspats und feldspathaltiger Gesteine (Granite, Porphyre), Hauptrohstoff zur Fabrikation des Porzellans …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • kaòlīn — m 〈G kaolína〉 min. glina bijele boje, služi kao vatrostalna, lončarska, ciglarska i porculanska glina, u medicini kao adsorbens; porculanača ✧ {{001f}}kin …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Kaolin — Kaolin,dasod.der:⇨2Ton …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • kaolin — kaòlīn m <G kaolína> DEFINICIJA min. glina bijele boje, služi kao vatrostalna, lončarska, ciglarska i porculanska glina, u medicini kao adsorbens; porculanača ETIMOLOGIJA kin. Kauling: visoki brijeg, naselje u Kini gdje je prvo pronađen +… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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