Jurisdiction Ju`ris*dic"tion, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, right, law + dictio a saying, speaking: cf. OF. jurisdiction, F. juridiction. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or class of causes; as, certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes, are within the jurisdiction of a particular court, that is, within the limits of its authority or commission. [1913 Webster]

2. The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate; the right of making or enforcing laws; the power or right of exercising authority. [1913 Webster]

To live exempt From Heaven's high jurisdiction. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

You wrought to be a legate; by which power You maim'd the jurisdiction of all bishops. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any particular power may be exercised, or within which a government or a court has authority. [1913 Webster]

Note: Jurisdiction, in its most general sense, is the power to make, declare, or apply the law. When confined to the judiciary department, it is what we denominate the judicial power, the right of administering justice through the laws, by the means which the laws have provided for that purpose. Jurisdiction is limited to place or territory, to persons, or to particular subjects. --Duponceau. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • jurisdiction — ju·ris·dic·tion /ˌju̇r əs dik shən/ n [Latin jurisdictio, from juris, genitive of jus law + dictio act of saying, from dicere to say] 1: the power, right, or authority to interpret, apply, and declare the law (as by rendering a decision) to be… …   Law dictionary

  • jurisdiction — jur‧is‧dic‧tion [ˌdʒʊərsˈdɪkʆn ǁ ˌdʒʊr ] noun [uncountable] LAW the official right and power to make decisions about something: jurisdiction over • The bankruptcy court now has jurisdiction over the company s assets. • This matter is outside my …   Financial and business terms

  • jurisdiction — JURISDICTION. s. f. (l S ne se prononce point,) & beaucoup écrivent Juridiction. Pouvoir du Juge, de celuy qui a droit de juger. Jurisdiction Ecclesiastique. Jurisdiction Laïque. Jurisdiction ordinaire. cela est de vostre jurisdiction, sous… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • jurisdiction — Jurisdiction, Iurisdictio. Petites jurisdictions et destroicts estans en Italie, où les Romains envoyoient tous les ans quelqu un pour les gouverner et dire droict, Praefecturae. Exercer jurisdiction, Dicere ius. Exercice de la jurisdiction,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • jurisdiction — (n.) early 14c. administration of justice (attested from mid 13c. in Anglo Latin), from O.Fr. juridiccion (13c.) and directly from L. iurisdictionem (nom. iurisdictio) administration of justice, jurisdiction, from ius (gen. iuris; see JURIST (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jurisdiction — (v. tat), 1) im Allgemeinen die Befugniß, Recht zu sprechen; daher so v.w. Gerichtsbarkeit (s.d.); 2) im alten Rom die Befugniß zu dem, was der Magistrat im ordentlichen Verfahren zur Einleitung des Processes zu thun hatte. Die J. kam nur den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • jurisdiction — *power, authority, control, command, sway, dominion Analogous words: limits, bounds, confines (see singular nouns at LIMIT): *range, scope, compass, reach: circuit, periphery (see CIRCUMFERENCE): province, office, *function, duty: domain,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • jurisdiction — [n] area of authority administration, arbitration, area, authority, bailiwick, bounds, circuit, command, commission, compass, confines, control, discretion, district, domination, dominion, empire, extent, field, hegemony, influence, inquisition,… …   New thesaurus

  • jurisdiction — ► NOUN 1) the official power to make legal decisions and judgements. 2) the territory or sphere over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends. 3) a system of law courts. DERIVATIVES jurisdictional adjective. ORIGIN Latin …   English terms dictionary

  • jurisdiction — [joor΄is dik′shən] n. [ME jurisdiccioun, altered (infl. by L) < OFr juridiction < L jurisdictio, administration of the law < jus (gen. juris,), law + dictio: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. the administering of justice; authority or legal power… …   English World dictionary

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