Julian year
Year Year, n. [OE. yer, yeer, [yogh]er, AS. ge['a]r; akin to OFries. i?r, g?r, D. jaar, OHG. j[=a]r, G. jahr, Icel. [=a]r, Dan. aar, Sw. [*a]r, Goth. j?r, Gr. ? a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, ? a year, Zend y[=a]re year. [root]4, 279. Cf. {Hour}, {Yore}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see {Bissextile}). [1913 Webster]

Of twenty year of age he was, I guess. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Note: The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752. [1913 Webster]

2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn. [1913 Webster]

3. pl. Age, or old age; as, a man in years. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Anomalistic year}, the time of the earth's revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.

{A year's mind} (Eccl.), a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf. {A month's mind}, under {Month}.

{Bissextile year}. See {Bissextile}.

{Canicular year}. See under {Canicular}.

{Civil year}, the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time.

{Common lunar year}, the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days.

{Common year}, each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.

{Embolismic year}, or {Intercalary lunar year}, the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days.

{Fiscal year} (Com.), the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.

{Great year}. See {Platonic year}, under {Platonic}.

{Gregorian year}, {Julian year}. See under {Gregorian}, and {Julian}.

{Leap year}. See {Leap year}, in the Vocabulary.

{Lunar astronomical year}, the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.

{Lunisolar year}. See under {Lunisolar}.

{Periodical year}. See {Anomalistic year}, above.

{Platonic year}, {Sabbatical year}. See under {Platonic}, and {Sabbatical}.

{Sidereal year}, the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.

{Tropical year}. See under {Tropical}.

{Year and a day} (O. Eng. Law), a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question. --Abbott.

{Year of grace}, any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini; A. D. or a. d. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julian year — Julian Jul ian (?; 277) a. [L. Julianus, fr. Julius. Cf. {July}, {Gillian}.] Relating to, or derived from, Julius C[ae]sar. [1913 Webster] {Julian calendar}, the calendar as adjusted by Julius C[ae]sar, in which the year was made to consist of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • julian year — noun Usage: usually capitalized J : the year of exactly 365 days, 6 hours adopted in the Julian calendar * * * Julian year see under ↑year • • • Main Entry: ↑Julian Julian year The year according to the Julian calendar (introduced by Julius… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Julian year — A Julian year can refer to:* The Julian year (astronomy) is a time interval of exactly 365.25 days, used in astronomy. * The Julian year (calendar) is a year in the Julian calendar which has started on different days, at different times, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Julian year — noun a) (history) A year in the old Julian calendar (which started on different dates). b) (astronomy) An average year of 365 days and six hours, used for convenience of quick calculations, as opposed to a calendar year of either 365 or 366 days …   Wiktionary

  • Julian year — (a)    the average length of the year in the Julian calendar, equal to exactly 365.25 days. See year2. Astronomers use Julian years in computing the motions of planets and other bodies of the Solar System. This simplifies their calculations, but… …   Dictionary of units of measurement

  • Julian year — calendar established by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. which has 365 days in a year and 366 every leap year …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Julian year (astronomy) — In astronomy, a Julian year (symbol: a) is a unit of measurement of time defined as exactly 365.25 days of 86,400 SI seconds each, totalling 31,557,600 seconds. That is the average length of the year in the Julian calendar used in Western… …   Wikipedia

  • Julian — Jul ian (?; 277) a. [L. Julianus, fr. Julius. Cf. {July}, {Gillian}.] Relating to, or derived from, Julius C[ae]sar. [1913 Webster] {Julian calendar}, the calendar as adjusted by Julius C[ae]sar, in which the year was made to consist of 365 days …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Julian calendar — Julian Jul ian (?; 277) a. [L. Julianus, fr. Julius. Cf. {July}, {Gillian}.] Relating to, or derived from, Julius C[ae]sar. [1913 Webster] {Julian calendar}, the calendar as adjusted by Julius C[ae]sar, in which the year was made to consist of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Julian epoch — Julian Jul ian (?; 277) a. [L. Julianus, fr. Julius. Cf. {July}, {Gillian}.] Relating to, or derived from, Julius C[ae]sar. [1913 Webster] {Julian calendar}, the calendar as adjusted by Julius C[ae]sar, in which the year was made to consist of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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