Julian calendar
Julian Jul"ian (?; 277) a. [L. Julianus, fr. Julius. Cf. {July}, {Gillian}.] Relating to, or derived from, Julius C[ae]sar. [1913 Webster]

{Julian calendar}, the calendar as adjusted by Julius C[ae]sar, in which the year was made to consist of 365 days, each fourth year having 366 days.

{Julian epoch}, the epoch of the commencement of the Julian calendar, or 46 b. c.

{Julian period}, a chronological period of 7,980 years, combining the solar, lunar, and indiction cycles (28 x 19 x 15 = 7,980), being reckoned from the year 4713 B. C., when the first years of these several cycles would coincide, so that if any year of the period be divided by 28, 19, or 15, the remainder will be the year of the corresponding cycle. The Julian period was proposed by Scaliger, to remove or avoid ambiguities in chronological dates, and was so named because composed of Julian years.

{Julian year}, the year of 365 days, 6 hours, adopted in the Julian calendar, and in use until superseded by the Gregorian year, as established in the reformed or Gregorian calendar. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julian calendar — Calendar Cal en*dar, n. [OE. kalender, calender, fr. L. kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. F. calendrier, OF. calendier) fr. L. calendue, kalendae, calends. See {Calends}.] 1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Julian calendar — n. the calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C., in which the ordinary year had 365 days: the months were the same as in the Gregorian, or New Style, calendar now used …   English World dictionary

  • Julian calendar — The Julian calendar began in 45 BC (709 AUC) as a reform of the Roman calendar by Julius Caesar. It was chosen after consultation with the astronomer Sosigenes of Alexandria and was probably designed to approximate the tropical year (known at… …   Wikipedia

  • Julian calendar — the calendar established by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C., fixing the length of the year at 365 days and at 366 days every fourth year. There are 12 months of 30 or 31 days, except for February (which has 28 days with the exception of every fourth… …   Universalium

  • Julian calendar — Ju|li|an cal|en|dar, the the calendar introduced by ↑Julius Caesar in Rome in 46 BC, that fixed the normal year at 365 days. The ↑Gregorian calendar, the usual calendar used in western countries in modern times, is based on the Julian calendar …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Julian calendar — The calendar instituted by Julius Caesar in 46 B. C., dividing the year into twelve months to consist alternately of thirty and thirty one days, with the exception of February, which was to have twenty nine days in ordinary years and thirty in… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Julian calendar — the day following 4 October 1582 of the Julian calendar was designated 15 October 1582 of the Gregorian calendar; the 10 days being dropped in order that the vernal equinox would fall on March 21. The Gregorian calendar was not adopted by England …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Julian calendar — noun The calendar which was used in the western world before the present day Gregorian calendar. The Julian calendar differed in having all multiple of 4 years as leap years …   Wiktionary

  • Julian calendar — calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BCE …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Julian calendar — noun the solar calendar introduced in Rome in 46 b.c. by Julius Caesar and slightly modified by Augustus, establishing the 12 month year of 365 days with each 4th year having 366 days and the months having 31 or 30 days except for February • Syn …   Useful english dictionary

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