Raskolnik Ras*kol"nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol'nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod officially puts the number at about 2,000,000. They are officially divided into three groups according to the degree of their variance from orthodox beliefs and observances, as follows: I. ``Most obnoxious.'' the

{Judaizers}; the

{Molokane}, who refuse to recognize civil authority or to take oaths; the

{Dukhobortsy}, or

{Dukhobors}, who are communistic, marry without ceremony, and believe that Christ was human, but that his soul reappears at intervals in living men; the

{Khlysty}, who countenance anthropolatory, are ascetics, practice continual self-flagellation, and reject marriage; the

{Skoptsy}, who practice castration; and a section of the

{Bezpopovtsy}, or priestless sect, which disbelieve in prayers for the Czar and in marriage. II. ``Obnoxious:'' the

{Bezpopovtsy}, who pray for the Czar and recognize marriage. III. ``Least obnoxious:'' the

{Popovtsy}, who dissent from the orthodox church in minor points only. [Written also {rascolnik}.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JUDAIZERS — JUDAIZERS, persons who, without being Jews, follow in whole or in part the Jewish religion or claim to be Jews. The prototype of the Judaizer was naaman , the minister to the king of Syria, who, after being cured by Elisha, worshiped the God of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judaizers — • A party of Jewish Christians in the Early Church, who either held that circumcision and the observance of the Mosaic Law were necessary for salvation and in consequence wished to impose them on the Gentile converts, or who at least considered… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Judaizers — Judaizers, see also , generally describes those who inculcate to Christians the adherence to Torah Laws, which is normally considered the prerogative of followers of Judaism, the parent religion of Christianity. Similarly, One who has Judaized… …   Wikipedia

  • Judaizers — Ju da*iz ers (j[=u] d[asl]*[imac]z [ e]rz), n. pl. See {Raskolnik}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judaizers — Usually understood to refer to the Jewish Christian opponents of Paul s mission to the Gentiles. Judaizers demanded that converts should submit to the full rigour of the Jewish Law as a precondition of Christian baptism (Gal. 2:14). It has been… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • JUDAIZERS —    a party, called also EBIONITES in the primitive Church who sought to overlay the simple ordinances of Christianity with Judaic observances and rites, a yoke which neither they nor their fathers were able to bear …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • JUDAIZERS —    CHRISTIANS who seek to restore the requirements of JEWISH law within the CHRISTIAN community. A movement among early Christians which sought to reform JUDAISM and make GENTILE converts conform to Judaic practice. After the destruction of the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • INQUISITION — INQUISITION, special permanent tribunal of the medieval Catholic Church, established to investigate and combat heresy. The Early Institution Although the Inquisition was established by Pope gregory ix , it owed its name to the procedure… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Circumcision controversy in early Christianity — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Galatians —     Epistle to the Galatians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Galatians     GALATIA     In the course of centuries, gallic tribes, related to those that invaded Italy and sacked Rome, wandered east through Illyricum and Pannonia. At… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”