Jerusalem Je*ru"sa*lem (j[-e]*r[udd]"s[.a]*l[e^]m), n. [Gr. 'Ieroysalh`m, fr. Heb. Y[e^]r[=u]sh[=a]laim.] The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ. [1913 Webster]

{Jerusalem artichoke} [Perh. a corrupt. of It. girasole i.e., sunflower, or turnsole. See {Gyre}, {Solar}.] (Bot.) (a) An American plant, a perennial species of sunflower ({Helianthus tuberosus}), whose tubers are sometimes used as food. (b) One of the tubers themselves.

{Jerusalem cherry} (Bot.), the popular name of either of two species of {Solanum} ({Solanum Pseudo-capsicum} and {Solanum capsicastrum}), cultivated as ornamental house plants. They bear bright red berries of about the size of cherries.

{Jerusalem oak} (Bot.), an aromatic goosefoot ({Chenopodium Botrys}), common about houses and along roadsides.

{Jerusalem sage} (Bot.), a perennial herb of the Mint family ({Phlomis tuberosa}).

{Jerusalem thorn} (Bot.), a spiny, leguminous tree ({Parkinsonia aculeata}), widely dispersed in warm countries, and used for hedges.

{The New Jerusalem}, Heaven; the Celestial City. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jerusalem —    Jerusalem is Israel s largest city and its declared capital. It is a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. In 1947, when the United Nations voted to partition Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state, Jerusalem was to be… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Jerusālem — (in den Keilinschriften Ursalimmu, in den Hieroglyphen Schalam, griech. und lat. Hierosolyma, hebr. Jeruschalajim, »Wohnung des Friedens«, bei den Arabern El Kuds, »das Heiligtum«, bei den Türken Küdsi Schêrif genannt), die alte Hauptstadt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jérusalem — is a grand opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to a French libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz which was partly translated and adapted from Verdi s original 1843 Italian opera, I Lombardi alla prima crociata . It was Verdi s first… …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusălem — (griech. Hierosolyma [das heilige Solyma], türk. Soliman, gewöhnlich Kudschi Scherif, arab. El Kods [die Heilige]), sonst Hauptstadt Judäas, im Stamm Benjamin gelegen, aber dem Stamme Judäa gehörig, jetzt Stadt im Ejalet Damask. J. lag in einer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jerusalem — Jerusalem …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jerusalem — Jerusalem, die Hauptstadt von Palästina, die heilige Stadt, wo unser Heiland gelehrt und geblutet, wo David zur Harfe sang und Salomo herrschte, wo sich dem einzigen Gotte der prachtvollste Tempel erhob, wo Zions Feste im heiligen Glanz leuchtete …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Jerusalem — Jerusalem, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 152 Housing Units (2000): 74 Land area (2000): 0.251001 sq. miles (0.650090 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.251001 sq. miles (0.650090 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Jerusalem — holy city in ancient Palestine, from Gk. Hierousalem, from Heb. Yerushalayim, lit. foundation of peace, from base of yarah he threw, cast + shalom peace. Jerusalem artichoke is folk etymology of It. girasole sunflower …   Etymology dictionary

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