Jail fever
Jail Jail (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding. [Written also {gaol}.] [1913 Webster]

This jail I count the house of liberty. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

{Jail delivery}, the release of prisoners from jail, either legally or by violence.

{Jail delivery commission}. See under {Gaol}.

{Jail fever} (Med.), typhus fever, or a disease resembling it, generated in jails and other places crowded with people; -- called also {hospital fever}, and {ship fever}.

{Jail liberties}, or {Jail limits}, a space or district around a jail within which an imprisoned debtor was, on certain conditions, allowed to go at large. --Abbott.

{Jail lock}, a peculiar form of padlock; -- called also {Scandinavian lock}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jail-fever — jailˈ fēver or gaolˈ fēver noun Typhus fever, once common in jails • • • Main Entry: ↑jail …   Useful english dictionary

  • jail fever — Typhus Ty phus, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? smoke, cloud, stupor arising from fever; akin to ? to smoke, Skr. dh?pa smoke.] (Med.) A contagious continued fever lasting from two to three weeks, attended with great prostration and cerebral disorder, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jail fever — Ship Ship, n. [OE. ship, schip, AS. scip; akin to OFries. skip, OS. scip, D. schip, G. schiff, OHG. scif, Dan. skib, Sw. skeep, Icel. & Goth. skip; of unknown origin. Cf. {Equip}, {Skiff}, {Skipper}.] 1. Any large seagoing vessel. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jail fever — Epidemic typhus, a severe acute (sudden onset) infectious disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink to red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia prowazekii. It is found… …   Medical dictionary

  • JAIL FEVER —    the popular name of a fever now known to be a severe form of typhus, such as happened in 1579 at the Black Assize, so called as so many of those in the conduct of it died infected by the prisoners …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • jail-fever — n. typhus fever, epidemic typhus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jail fever — /ˈdʒeɪl fivə/ (say jayl feevuh) noun → typhus …   Australian English dictionary

  • jail fever — noun : typhus 1a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jail — (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jail delivery — Jail Jail (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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