insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
diabetes di`a*be"tes, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See {Diabase}.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to {diabetes mellitus}. The most common form is {diabetes mellitus}, in which the urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains saccharine matter, and the condition if untreated is generally fatal. [1913 Webster]

Note: The two major subtypes recognized are

{diabetes insipidus} and

{diabetes mellitus}. In {diabetes insipidus} there is excretion of large amounts of urine of relatively low density, accompanied by extreme thirst, but the urine contains no abnormal constituent. The more serious form {diabetes mellitus} (from Latin mellitus, sweetened with honey) is a metabolic disease in which the utilization of carbohydrate is reduced and that of lipids and proteins is increased. This form is caused by a deficiency in insulin (which is mostly formed in the pancreas), and may be accompanied by glucosuria, hyperglycemia, elecrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and sometimes coma. It has severe long-term effects, including damage to the nerves, the retina, and the kidney, and degeneration of blood vessels which may lead to poor circulation, especially in the limbs, subsequent infection, and eventual loss of limbs. Diabetes mellitus itself has recognized variants, being divided into {insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus} and {non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus}. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called {adult-onset diabetes} (abbreviated NIDDM), and is the less severe form of diabetes mellitus, occurring mostly in obese individuals over the age of 35. It may be treated by diet and oral hypoglycemic agents, though occasionally serious degenerative effects may develop. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (abbreviated IDDM), also called {type I diabetes}, is a severe form of the disease, usually starting when the affected person is young (hence also called {juvenile-onset diabetes}). In addition to the increased urine (polyuria) common to all forms of diabetes, this form is characterized by low levels of insulin in the blood, ketoacidosis, increased appetite, and increased fluid intake, and may lead to weight loss and eventually the severe degenerative effects mentioned above. Treatment requires administration of insulin and careful regulation of the diet. --Stedman [PJC]

{Diabetes mellitus} [NL., sweet diabetes], that form of diabetes in which the urine contains saccharine matter.

{Diabetes insipidus} [NL., lit., diabetes], the form of diabetes in which the urine contains no abnormal constituent.


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — (IDDM) is a medical term that describes diabetes mellitus that requires insulin therapy to avoid ketoacidosis. IDDM is often considered a synonym for juvenile diabetes mellitus and type 1 diabetes mellitus, though the three terms are not entirely …   Wikipedia

  • insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — n type 1 diabetes abbr. IDDM * * * (IDD) (IDDM) type 1 d. mellitus …   Medical dictionary

  • insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — noun severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease • Syn: ↑type I… …   Useful english dictionary

  • insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — noun Date: 1980 type 1 diabetes abbreviation IDDM …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — diabetes di a*be tes, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See {Diabase}.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — n TYPE 2 DIABETES abbr. NIDDM …   Medical dictionary

  • non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — noun mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — (NIDDM) (NIDD) type 2 d. mellitus …   Medical dictionary

  • non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus — noun Date: 1979 type 2 diabetes abbreviation NIDDM …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • insulin-dependent diabetes — (IDD) type I diabetes mellitus, chronic condition in which the beta cells of the pancreatic islets produce little or no insulin and those affected must regularly inject themselves with insulin to control blood sugar (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

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