Inquisition
Inquisition In`qui*si"tion, n. [L. inquisitio : cf. F. inquisition. See {Inquire}, and cf. {Inquest}.] 1. The act of inquiring; inquiry; search; examination; inspection; investigation. [1913 Webster]

As I could learn through earnest inquisition. --Latimer. [1913 Webster]

Let not search and inquisition quail To bring again these foolish runaways. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) (a) Judicial inquiry; official examination; inquest. (b) The finding of a jury, especially such a finding under a writ of inquiry. --Bouvier. [1913 Webster]

The justices in eyre had it formerly in charge to make inquisition concerning them by a jury of the county. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

3. (R. C. Ch.) A court or tribunal for the examination and punishment of heretics, fully established by Pope Gregory IX. in 1235. Its operations were chiefly confined to Spain, Portugal, and their dependencies, and a part of Italy. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • INQUISITION — INQUISITION, special permanent tribunal of the medieval Catholic Church, established to investigate and combat heresy. The Early Institution Although the Inquisition was established by Pope gregory ix , it owed its name to the procedure… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Inquisition — • By this term is usually meant a special ecclesiastical institutional for combating or suppressing heresy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Inquisition     Inquisition      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • inquisition — [ ɛ̃kizisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1160; lat. inquisitio 1 ♦ Vx Enquête, recherche. « Il n y a point de fin dans nos inquisitions » (Montaigne). 2 ♦ (1265) Hist. Tribunal de l Inquisition, et absolt l Inquisition : juridiction ecclésiastique d exception… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Inquisition — Inquisition. Papst Innocenz I. errichtete eine geistliche Behörde, deren Aufgabe es war, die abtrünnigen Glieder der wahren Kirche zu bessern oder zu bestrafen. Diese Behörde, unmittelbar unter dem päpstlichen Stuhle stehend, wurde die heil.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Inquisition — (lat., »Untersuchung«, Inquisitio haereticae pravitatis, Ketzergericht, auch Sanctum Officium), das Glaubensgericht, das die römische Hierarchie zur Aufsuchung und Vertilgung der Ketzer ins Leben gerufen hat. Schon unter den Kaisern Theodosius d …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Inquisition — Sf (gerichtliche) Untersuchung, besonders der katholischen Kirche per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. inquīsītio ( ōnis), einer Ableitung von l. inquīrere (inquīsītum) suchen, erkunden , zu l. quaerere (quaesītum) suchen… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • inquisition — late 14c., judicial investigation, act or process of inquiring, from O.Fr. inquisicion inquiry, investigation (12c.), from L. inquisitionem (nom. inquisitio) a searching into, legal examination, noun of action from pp. stem of inquirere (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Inquisition — In qui*si tion, v. t. To make inquisition concerning; to inquire into. [Obs.] Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inquisition — (v. lat.), 1) Untersuchung, s. Untersuchungsproceß. 2) (Inquisitio haeretĭcae pravitatis, Ketzergericht, Sanctum officium, Heiliges Officium), in der Katholischen Kirche Glaubensgericht zur Entdeckung u. Bestrafung der Ketzer u. Ungläubigen.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • inquisition — in·qui·si·tion /ˌin kwə zi shən, ˌiŋ / n 1: the act of inquiring or examining 2: a judicial or official inquiry or examination usu. before a jury; also: the finding that results from such an inquiry Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam… …   Law dictionary

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