inositol
inositol i*no"si*tol ([i^]*n[o^]s"[i^]*t[o^]l), n. [Gr. 'i`s, 'ino`s, strength, muscle.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white crystalline substance ({C6H12O6}) with a sweet taste, widely distributed in certain animal tissues and fluids, particularly in the muscles of the heart and lungs, and also in some plants, as in unripe pease, beans, potato sprouts, etc. Although isomeric with dextrose, it has no carbonyl (aldehyde or ketone) group, and is therefore not a carbohydrate, but a derivative of cyclohexane. Called also {inosite}, {cyclohexitol}, {cyclohexanehexol}, {hexahydroxycyclohexane} and {phaseomannite}. There are nine possible steroisomers, not all of which are found naturally. The predominate natural form is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, also called {myo-inositol}. The naturally occurring phytic acid in plants is the hexaphosphate of inositol, from which inositol may be manufactured; phytin is the calcium-magnesium salt of phytic acid. It is also a component of phosphatidylinositol. --MI11 [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inositol — Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • inositol — ● inositol nom masculin (grec is, inos, fibre) Facteur lipotrope appartenant au groupe des vitamines B et se trouvant dans les tissus cérébraux et musculaires. inosite [inozit] n. f. ou inositol [inozitɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. 1855, Nysten; du grec is,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • inositol — Isómero de la glucosa, muy abundante en las células vegetales y animales. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • inositol — [in′ō sīt΄i nō′sə tôl΄, i nō′sətōl΄, i nō′sətäl΄] n. [< Gr is (gen. inos), muscle, fiber, strength (see INION) + IT(E) + OL1] a sweet crystalline alcohol, C6H6 (OH) 6, existing in nine isomeric forms and found in both plant and animal tissues …   English World dictionary

  • Inositol — myo Inositol[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Inositol — Strukturformel myo Inosit Allgemeines Name Inosit Andere Namen Cyclohe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inositol — Estructura del inositol. Inositol o ciclohexan 1,2,3,4,5,6 hexol es un compuesto orgánico de fórmula a C6H12O6 o ( CHOH )6, un poliol del ciclohexano. Existen nueve posibles estereoisómeros, de los cuales el más común y más extendido en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • inositol — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from inosite inositol, from Greek in , is sinew + International Scientific Vocabulary 2 ose + 1 ite Date: 1891 any of several crystalline stereoisomeric cyclic alcohols C6H12O6; especially… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • inositol — A cyclic hexahydric alcohol with 6 possible isomers. The biologically active form is myo inositol …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • inositol — 1,2,3,4,5,6 Hexahydroxycyclohexane; a member of the vitamin B complex necessary for growth of yeast and of mice; absence from the diet causes alopecia and dermatitis in mice and “spectacle eyes” in rats. It occurs in a number of stereoisomeric… …   Medical dictionary

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