Inoculation
Inoculation In*oc"u*la"tion, n. [L. inoculatio: cf. F. inoculation.] 1. The act or art of inoculating trees or plants. [1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) The act or practice of communicating a disease to a person in health, by inserting contagious matter in his skin or flesh, usually for the purpose of inducing immunity to the disease. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: The use was formerly limited to the intentional communication of the smallpox, but is now extended to include any similar introduction of modified virus; as, the inoculation of rabies by Pasteur. The organisms inoculated are usually an attentuated form of the disease-causing organism, which may multiply harmlessly in the body of the host, but induce immunity to the more virulent forms of the organism. [1913 Webster +PJC]

3. Fig.: The communication of principles, especially false principles, to the mind. [1913 Webster]

4. (Microbiology) The introduction of microorganisms into a growth medium, to cause the growth and multiplication of the microorganisms. [PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • inoculation — [ inɔkylasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1722, empr. angl.; 1580 « greffe »; lat. inoculatio → inoculer ♦ Méd. Introduction dans l organisme (d une substance contenant les germes d une maladie). Inoculation accidentelle, involontaire, par blessure, morsure,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Inoculation — is the placement of something to where it will grow or reproduce, and is most commonly used in respect of the introduction of a serum, vaccine, or antigenic substance into the body of a human or animal, especially to produce or boost immunity to… …   Wikipedia

  • inoculation — inoculation. = plating (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • inoculation — inoculation. См. посев [микробиологический]. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Inoculation — Inoculation. См. Модифицирование. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Inoculation — (v. lat.), 1) ein Auge (s.d. 2) einsetzen, s. Oculiren; 2) einen ansteckenden Krankheitsstoff (Impfstoff) in die Haut einbringen, um durch die dadurch bewirkte Krankheit gelinder Art entweder deren späterem u. gefährlicherem Ausbruch vorzubeugen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Inoculation — Inoculation, lat. deutsch, die Einimpfung contagiöser Krankheiten; vergl. Ansteckung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • inoculation — index propaganda Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • inoculation — mid 15c. in horticulture; 1714 in pathology, from L. inoculationem (nom. inoculatio) an engrafting, budding, noun of action from pp. stem of inoculare (see INOCULATE (Cf. inoculate)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • inoculation — [n] immunization injection, prevention, shot, vaccination; concept 310 …   New thesaurus

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