Animal An"i*mal, a. [Cf. F. animal.] 1. Of or relating to animals; as, animal functions. [1913 Webster]

2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual part; as, the animal passions or appetites. [1913 Webster]

3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food. [1913 Webster]

{Animal magnetism}. See {Magnetism} and {Mesmerism}.

{Animal electricity}, the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric eel, torpedo, etc.

{Animal flower} (Zo["o]l.), a name given to certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids, starfishes, etc.

{Animal heat} (Physiol.), the heat generated in the body of a living animal, by means of which the animal is kept at nearly a uniform temperature.

{Animal spirits}. See under {Spirit}.

{Animal kingdom}, the whole class of beings endowed with animal life. It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but variously arranged by different writers.

Note: The following are the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal classes under them, generally recognized at the present time: {Vertebrata}, including Mammalia or Mammals, Aves or Birds, Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces or Fishes, Marsipobranchiata (Craniota); and Leptocardia (Acrania). {Tunicata}, including the {Thaliacea}, and {Ascidioidea} or Ascidians. {Articulata} or {Annulosa}, including Insecta, Myriapoda, Malacapoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Merostomata, Crustacea (Arthropoda); and Annelida, Gehyrea (Anarthropoda). {Helminthes} or {Vermes}, including Rotifera, Ch[ae]tognatha, Nematoidea, Acanthocephala, Nemertina, Turbellaria, Trematoda, Cestoidea, Mesozea. {Molluscoidea}, including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa. {Mollusca}, including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda, Scaphopoda, Lamellibranchiata or Acephala. {Echinodermata}, including Holothurioidea, Echinoidea, Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, and Crinoidea. {C[oe]lenterata}, including {Anthozoa} or {Polyps}, {Ctenophora}, and {Hydrozoa} or Acalephs. {Spongiozoa} or {Porifera}, including the sponges. {Protozoa}, including {Infusoria} and {Rhizopoda}. For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Infusoria — is a collective term for minute aquatic creatures like ciliates, euglenoids, protozoa, and unicellular algae that exist in freshwater ponds. In modern formal classifications the term is considered obsolete; and the microorganisms previously… …   Wikipedia

  • Infusoria — In fu*so ri*a, n. pl. [NL.; so called because found in infusions which are left exposed to the air for a time. See {Infuse}.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of the classes of Protozoa, including a large number of species, all of minute size. Formerly, the term… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Infusoria — Als Infusorien (lateinisch Infusoria) oder Aufgusstierchen bezeichnet man kleine, sich z. B. im Aufguss von pflanzlichem Material entwickelnde Tierchen (z. B. Flagellaten, Wimpertierchen, Amöben). In Aquarien werden sie mitunter zur Anzucht von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Infusoria — noun in some recent classifications, coextensive with the Ciliata: minute organisms found in decomposing infusions of organic matter • Syn: ↑subclass Infusoria • Hypernyms: ↑class • Member Holonyms: ↑Ciliata, ↑class Ciliata, ↑Ciliophora, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Infusoria — /in fyoo sawr ee euh, sohr /, 1. protozoans of the phylum Ciliophora (or class Ciliata). 2. (formerly) any of various microscopic organisms found in infusions of decaying organic matter. [1780 90; < NL, neut. pl. of INFUSORIUS. See INFUSE,… …   Universalium

  • infusoria — noun the many minute aquatic creatures, such as protozoa and unicellular algae found in fresh water habitats …   Wiktionary

  • Infusoria — Archaic term for Ciliophora. [Mod. L. pertaining to or found in an infusion, fr. in fundo, pp. in fusus, to pour in] * * * in·fu·so·ria .in fyü zōr ē ə, sōr n pl, often cap organisms that are infusorians not used technically …   Medical dictionary

  • INFUSORIA —    a name given to certain classes of animalculæ engendered in stagnant water infused with decaying organic matter …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Infusoria — in·fu·so·ri·a || ‚ɪnfjuː zɔːrɪə n. class of one celled organisms (Zoology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • infusoria — n. pl. Animalcules, animalcula …   New dictionary of synonyms

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