Indican In"di*can, n. [See {Indigo}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Chem.) A glucoside ({C14H17NO6}) obtained from woad (indigo plant, {Isatis Tinctoria}) and other plants (see {indigo}), as a yellow or light brown sirup. When purified it is obtained as spear-shaped crystals. It has a nauseous bitter taste. By the action of acids, enzymes, etc., it breaks down into sugar and indigo. It is the source of natural indigo. Chemically it is the 3-glucoside of indole, H-indol-3-yl-[beta]-D-glucopyranoside. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. (Physiol. Chem.) An indigo-forming substance, found in urine, and other animal fluids, and convertible into red and blue indigo (urrhodin and uroglaucin). Chemically, it is indoxyl sulphate of potash, {C8H6NSO4K}, and is derived from the indol formed in the alimentary canal. Called also {uroxanthin}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • indican — [ ɛ̃dikɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1873; du lat. indicum « indigo » ♦ Chim. Indican végétal : glucoside extrait des feuilles de l indigotier, utilisé comme colorant. ⇒ indigo. Biochim. Indican métabolique, urinaire, apparaissant dans l urine en cas d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • indican — INDICÁN s.n. Substanţă organică ce se găseşte în indigo (3). – Din fr. indican. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  indicán s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  INDICÁN s.n. Substanţă care există în indigo …   Dicționar Român

  • Indican — Général Nom IUPAC (2R,3S,4S,5R,6S) 2 (Hhydroxyméthyl) 6 (1H indol 3 yloxy)tétrahydropyran 3,4,5 triol No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • indican — glucósido del D 3 hidroxindol, un compuesto presente en las plantas que contienen el índigo, un colorante azul.También es el producto de transformación del triptófano en indol por acción de las bacterias intestinales. El indol producido es… …   Diccionario médico

  • Indican — C26H31NO17, ein in allen Indigo liefernden Pflanzen enthaltenes Glykosid; s. Farbstoffe, pflanzliche, Bd. 3, S. 638 …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • indican — [in′di kan΄] n. [< L indicum, INDIGO + AN] 1. a glucoside, C14H17NO6, found in a natural state in the indigo plant: it is converted by water and oxygen into indigo 2. an indigo forming substance, C8H6NOSO2OH, the potassium salt of which is… …   English World dictionary

  • Indican — Chembox new ImageFile=Indican.png ImageSize=200px IUPACName=(2 R ,3 S ,4 S ,5 R ,6 S ) 2 (Hydroxymethyl) 6 (1 H indol 3 yloxy)tetrahydropyran 3,4,5 triol OtherNames= Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=1328 73 0 PubChem=441564… …   Wikipedia

  • Indican — Strukturformel von Indikan aus Pflanzen Der Name Indikan (auch: Indican) bezeichnet zwei ähnliche, aber nicht identische, Verbindungen, deren Gemeinsamkeit ist, dass sie beide als Derivate des Indols angesehen werden können. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indican — In|di|can [lat. Indicum (griech. Indikón) = das Indische (Blau); ↑ an (4)], das; s: 1) sog. metabolisches Indican; S: Indikan; Syn.: 1H Indol 3 ylsulfat: als Kaliumsalz (Harnindican) ein natürliches Tryptophanabbauprodukt im Blut u. Harn; 2) sog …   Universal-Lexikon

  • indican — 1. Indoxyl β d glucoside from Indigofera species and Polygonium tinctorium; a source of indigo. SYN: plant i.. 2. 3 Indoxylsulfuric acid, a substance found (as its salts) in sweat and in variable amounts in urine; indicative, when in quantity, of …   Medical dictionary

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