Incumbent
Incumbent In*cum"bent, a. [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See {Incubate}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent. [1913 Webster]

Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it. --Sir H. Wotton. [1913 Webster]

To move the incumbent load they try. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

2. Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with on or upon. [1913 Webster]

All men, truly zealous, will perform those good works that are incumbent on all Christians. --Sprat. [1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them. --Gray. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • incumbent — I noun bureaucrat, commissioner, dignitary, functionary, holder of an office, job holder, minister, occupant of an office, officebearer, officeholder, officer, official, person in authority associated concepts: de facto incumbent, incumbent… …   Law dictionary

  • incumbent — [in kum′bənt] adj. [L incumbens, prp. of incumbere, to recline or rest on < in , on + cubare, to lie down: see CUBE1] 1. lying, resting, or pressing with its weight on something else 2. currently in office n. the holder of an office or… …   English World dictionary

  • Incumbent — In*cum bent, n. A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office. [1913 Webster] The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron. Swift. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Incumbent — Local Exchange Carrier (ILEC; deutsch: Etablierter Betreiber von Ortsnetzen) ist der auch im Deutschen gebräuchliche Fachbegriff in der Marktregulierung der Telekommunikation für bei der Marktöffnung bereits auf einem Markt etablierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • incumbent — INCUMBÉNT, Ă adj. (bot.; despre organe) culcat pe un alt organ, fără să concrească cu acesta. (< engl. incumbent, lat. incumbens) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • incumbent — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (incumbent on/upon) necessary for (someone) as a duty. 2) currently holding office. ► NOUN ▪ the holder of an office or post. ORIGIN Latin incumbens, from incumbere lie or lean on …   English terms dictionary

  • Incumbent — Open seat redirects here. For the tennis tournament, see Open SEAT. For the ecclesiastical office, see Incumbent (ecclesiastical). The incumbent, in politics, is the existing holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • incumbent — ▪ I. incumbent in‧cum‧bent 1 I ve split the sense into two. [ɪnˈkʌmbənt] noun [countable] 1. the person who has a particular job or position at this time, rather than one who wants it or may have it later: • Nine out of ten incumbents who seek re …   Financial and business terms

  • incumbent — in|cum|bent1 [ınˈkʌmbənt] n formal [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: , present participle of incumbere to lie down on ] someone who has been elected to an official position, especially in politics, and who is doing that job at the present time ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • incumbent — incumbently, adv. /in kum beuhnt/, adj. 1. holding an indicated position, role, office, etc., currently: the incumbent officers of the club. 2. obligatory (often fol. by on or upon): a duty incumbent upon me. 3. Archaic. resting, lying, leaning,… …   Universalium

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