In proportion
Proportion Pro*por"tion, n. [F., fr. L. proportio; pro before + portio part or share. See {Portion}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree; comparative relation; ratio; as, the proportion of the parts of a building, or of the body. [1913 Webster]

The image of Christ, made after his own proportion. --Ridley. [1913 Webster]

Formed in the best proportions of her sex. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

Documents are authentic and facts are true precisely in proportion to the support which they afford to his theory. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

2. Harmonic relation between parts, or between different things of the same kind; symmetrical arrangement or adjustment; symmetry; as, to be out of proportion. ``Let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.'' --Rom. xii. 6. [1913 Webster]

3. The portion one receives when a whole is distributed by a rule or principle; equal or proper share; lot. [1913 Webster]

Let the women . . . do the same things in their proportions and capacities. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

4. A part considered comparatively; a share. [1913 Webster]

5. (Math.) (a) The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities such that the quotient of the first divided by the second is equal to that of the third divided by the fourth; -- called also {geometrical proportion}, in distinction from arithmetical proportion, or that in which the difference of the first and second is equal to the difference of the third and fourth. [1913 Webster]

Note: Proportion in the mathematical sense differs from ratio. Ratio is the relation of two quantities of the same kind, as the ratio of 5 to 10, or the ratio of 8 to 16. Proportion is the sameness or likeness of two such relations. Thus, 5 to 10 as 8 to 16; that is, 5 bears the same relation to 10 as 8 does to 16. Hence, such numbers are said to be in proportion. Proportion is expressed by symbols thus: [1913 Webster] a:b::c:d, or a:b = c:d, or a/b = c/d. [1913 Webster] (b) The rule of three, in arithmetic, in which the three given terms, together with the one sought, are proportional. [1913 Webster]

{Continued proportion}, {Inverse proportion}, etc. See under {Continued}, {Inverse}, etc.

{Harmonical proportion} or {Musical proportion}, a relation of three or four quantities, such that the first is to the last as the difference between the first two is to the difference between the last two; thus, 2, 3, 6, are in harmonical proportion; for 2 is to 6 as 1 to 3. Thus, 24, 16, 12, 9, are harmonical, for 24:9::8:3.

{In proportion}, according as; to the degree that. ``In proportion as they are metaphysically true, they are morally and politically false.'' --Burke. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • in proportion — index pro rata Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • in proportion — phrasal proportional 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • in proportion to — index comparative Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • keep in proportion —    If you react to a situation in a sensible way, without exaggerating the importance or seriousness of the facts, you keep things in proportion.     Yes, we ve got a problem, but let s try to keep things in proportion …   English Idioms & idiomatic expressions

  • Pricing in Proportion — is a Royal Mail postal price structure in the United Kingdom introduced on 21 August 2006. It is also used on the Isle of Man by Isle of Man Post, but not on the other island post networks Jersey Post and Guernsey Post. The system has three bands …   Wikipedia

  • keep something in proportion — to react to a situation in a suitable way and not make it seem more important than it really is It is a setback, but it should be kept in proportion …   English dictionary

  • assignment in proportion — index apportionment Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • division in proportion — index apportionment Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • wanting in proportion — index disproportionate Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • kept things in proportion — did not blow things out of proportion, kept things in their proper perspective …   English contemporary dictionary

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