In In, prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. [=i], Sw. & Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. 'en. [root]197. Cf. 1st {In-}, {Inn}.] The specific signification of in is situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc. It is used with verbs signifying being, resting, or moving within limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly or in part. In its different applications, it approaches some of the meanings of, and sometimes is interchangeable with, within, into, on, at, of, and among. It is used: [1913 Webster]

1. With reference to space or place; as, he lives in Boston; he traveled in Italy; castles in the air. [1913 Webster]

The babe lying in a manger. --Luke ii. 16. [1913 Webster]

Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude. --Gibbon. [1913 Webster]

Matter for censure in every page. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

2. With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is in difficulties; she stood in a blaze of light. ``Fettered in amorous chains.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils. --Shelley. [1913 Webster]

3. With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first in his family; the first regiment in the army. [1913 Webster]

Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

4. With reference to physical surrounding, personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am in doubt; the room is in darkness; to live in fear. [1913 Webster]

When shall we three meet again, In thunder, lightning, or in rain? --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be in one's favor. ``In sight of God's high throne.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh. --Cowper. [1913 Webster]

6. With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to into; as, to put seed in the ground; to fall in love; to end in death; to put our trust in God. [1913 Webster]

He would not plunge his brother in despair. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets. --Fielding. [1913 Webster]

7. With reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it happened in the last century; in all my life. [1913 Webster]

{In as much as}, or {Inasmuch as}, in the degree that; in like manner as; in consideration that; because that; since. See {Synonym} of {Because}, and cf. {For as much as}, under {For}, prep.

{In that}, because; for the reason that. ``Some things they do in that they are men . . .; some things in that they are men misled and blinded with error.'' --Hooker.

{In the name of}, in behalf of; on the part of; by authority; as, it was done in the name of the people; -- often used in invocation, swearing, praying, and the like.

{To be in for it}. (a) To be in favor of a thing; to be committed to a course. (b) To be unable to escape from a danger, penalty, etc. [Colloq.]

{To be in with} or {To keep in with}. (a) To be close or near; as, to keep a ship in with the land. (b) To be on terms of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy with; to secure and retain the favor of. [Colloq.]

Syn: Into; within; on; at. See {At}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • In — In, adv. 1. Not out; within; inside. In, the preposition, becomes an adverb by omission of its object, leaving it as the representative of an adverbial phrase, the context indicating what the omitted object is; as, he takes in the situation (i. e …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In- — ([i^]n ). [See {In}, prep. Cf. {Em }, {En }.] A prefix from Eng. prep. in, also from Lat. prep. in, meaning in, into, on, among; as, inbred, inborn, inroad; incline, inject, intrude. In words from the Latin, in regularly becomes il before l, ir… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • IN — or in may stand for:* The ISO 3166 1 country code for India. * Indiana (United States postal abbreviations) * The IATA code for Macedonian Airlines * Indium (In) symbol for the chemical element * Intelligent network a telecommunications… …   Wikipedia

  • In- — ([i^]n ). [L. in ; akin to E. un . See {Un }.] An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning not, non , un as, inactive, incapable, inapt. In regularly becomes il before l, ir before r, and im before a labial. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In — ([i^]n), v. t. To inclose; to take in; to harvest. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the crop. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In — In, n. Note: [Usually in the plural.] 1. One who is in office; the opposite of {out}. [1913 Webster] 2. A re[ e]ntrant angle; a nook or corner. [1913 Webster] {Ins and outs}, (a) nooks and corners; twists and turns. (b) the peculiarities or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -in — A suffix. See the Note under { ine}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • in — I. preposition Etymology: Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German in in, Latin in, Greek en Date: before 12th century 1. a. used as a function word to indicate inclusion, location, or position within limits < in the lake > <… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • .in — Infobox Top level domain background=#CCF introduced=1989 type=Country code top level domain status=Active registry=INRegistry sponsor=National Internet Exchange of India intendeduse=Entities connected with India actualuse=Was… …   Wikipedia

  • IN — *  Particule qui entre, avec deux sens différents, dans la composition de beaucoup de mots : 1° comme Elle a le premier sens dans les mots Imbu, incorporer, induire, importer, etc.   Elle conserve ce même sens, avec la prononciation latine ou… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”