Ideology I`de*ol"o*gy, n. [Ideo- + -logy: cf. F. id['e]ologie.] 1. The science of ideas. --Stewart. [1913 Webster]

2. (Metaph.) A theory of the origin of ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation. [1913 Webster]

Note: By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek, id['e]ologie . . . has in France become the name peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. --Sir W. Hamilton.

3. A set or system of theories and beliefs held by an individual or group, especially about sociopolitical goals and methods to attain them; in common usage, ideology is such a set of beliefs so strongly held by their adherents as to cause them to ignore evidence against such beliefs, and thus fall into error -- in this sense it is viewed as a negative trait; contrasted to {pragmatism}, and distinct from idealism. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ideology — was first used in the later 18c in the meaning ‘the science of ideas’, and has since filled a much needed role as a term free of religious and spiritual connotations to denote ‘a system of ideas forming the basis of an economic or political… …   Modern English usage

  • ideology — index theory Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • ideology — UK US /ˌaɪdiˈɒlədʒi/ noun [C or U] (plural ideologies) POLITICS ► a particular set of ideas and beliefs, especially one on which a political system, party, or organization is based: »The President called for better relations with countries whose… …   Financial and business terms

  • ideology — [n] beliefs articles of faith*, credo, creed, culture, dogma, ideas, outlook, philosophy, principles, system, tenets, theory, view, Weltanschauung*; concepts 688,689 …   New thesaurus

  • ideology — ► NOUN (pl. ideologies) 1) a system of ideas and ideals forming the basis of an economic or political theory. 2) the set of beliefs characteristic of a social group or individual. DERIVATIVES ideological adjective ideologically adverb ideologist… …   English terms dictionary

  • ideology — [ī΄dē äl′ə jē, id΄ēäl′ə jē] n. pl. ideologies [Fr idéologie: see IDEO & LOGY] 1. Archaic the study of the nature and origin of ideas 2. thinking or theorizing of an idealistic, abstract, or impractical nature; fanciful speculation 3. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Ideology — An ideology is a set of beliefs, aims and ideas, especially in politics. An ideology can be thought of as a comprehensive vision, as a way of looking at things (compare Weltanschauung), as in common sense (see Ideology in everyday society below)… …   Wikipedia

  • Ideology —    In the Communist Manifesto (1848) Karl Marx writes, “The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas,” and this is a key aspect of his theory of ideology. For Marx ideology is both a distorted view of reality and a view that… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • ideology — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ dominant, prevailing ▪ official ▪ competing, opposing ▪ They are divided by opposing ideologies. ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

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