hydrostatics
Mechanics Me*chan"ics, n. [Cf. F. m['e]canique.] That science, or branch of applied mathematics, which treats of the action of forces on bodies. [1913 Webster]

Note: That part of mechanics which considers the action of forces in producing rest or equilibrium is called {statics}; that which relates to such action in producing motion is called {dynamics}. The term mechanics includes the action of forces on all bodies, whether solid, liquid, or gaseous. It is sometimes, however, and formerly was often, used distinctively of solid bodies only: The mechanics of liquid bodies is called also {hydrostatics}, or {hydrodynamics}, according as the laws of rest or of motion are considered. The mechanics of gaseous bodies is called also {pneumatics}. The mechanics of fluids in motion, with special reference to the methods of obtaining from them useful results, constitutes {hydraulics}. [1913 Webster]

{Animal mechanics} (Physiol.), that portion of physiology which has for its object the investigation of the laws of equilibrium and motion in the animal body. The most important mechanical principle is that of the lever, the bones forming the arms of the levers, the contractile muscles the power, the joints the fulcra or points of support, while the weight of the body or of the individual limbs constitutes the weight or resistance.

{Applied mechanics}, the principles of abstract mechanics applied to human art; also, the practical application of the laws of matter and motion to the construction of machines and structures of all kinds.

{orbital mechanics}, the principles governing the motion of bodies in orbit around other bodies under gravitational influence, such as artificial Earth satellites. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrostatics — Hy dro*stat ics, n. [Cf. F. hydrostatique.] (Physics) The branch of science which relates to the pressure and equilibrium of nonelastic fluids, as water, mercury, etc.; the principles of statics applied to water and other liquids. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrostatics — [hī΄drə stat′iks] n. [< Fr hydrostatique < ModL hydrostaticus: see HYDRO & STATIC] the branch of physics having to do with the pressure and equilibrium of water and other liquids; statics of liquids hydrostatic adj. hydrostatical… …   English World dictionary

  • hydrostatics — /huy dreuh stat iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of hydrodynamics that deals with the statics of fluids, usually confined to the equilibrium and pressure of liquids. [1650 60; see HYDROSTATIC, ICS] * * * Branch of physics that deals… …   Universalium

  • hydrostatics — hidrostatika statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. hydrostatics vok. Hydrostatik, f rus. гидростатика, f pranc. hydrostatique, f …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • hydrostatics — hidrostatika statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. hydrostatics vok. Hydrostatik, f rus. гидростатика, f pranc. hydrostatique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • hydrostatics — hidrostatika statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Mokslas, nagrinėjantis skysčių pusiausvyros sąlygas ir dėsningumus, veikiant skysčius jėgoms, taip pat ramybės būsenos skysčių poveikį panardintiems kūnams ir indo sienelėms. Hidrostatikos… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • hydrostatics — hydrostatic ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the equilibrium of liquids and the pressure exerted by liquid at rest. DERIVATIVES hydrostatics plural noun …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrostatics — noun plural but singular in construction Date: 1660 a branch of physics that deals with the characteristics of fluids at rest and especially with the pressure in a fluid or exerted by a fluid on an immersed body compare hydrodynamics …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hydrostatics — noun the scientific study of fluids at rest, especially when under pressure to estimate his skill in hydrostatistics or astronomy; ... See Also: statics …   Wiktionary

  • hydrostatics — hy·dro·stat·ics iks n pl but sing in constr a branch of physics that deals with the characteristics of fluids at rest and esp. with the pressure in a fluid or exerted by a fluid on an immersed body compare HYDRODYNAMICS * * * hy·dro·stat·ics… …   Medical dictionary

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