Hydrolytic ferment
Hydrolytic Hy`dro*lyt"ic, a. [Hydro-, 1 + Gr. ? to loose.] 1. (Chem.) Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water. [archaic] [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) of, pertaining to, or accompanied by {hydrolysis}. [PJC]

Hydrolytic agents, such as sulphuric acid or caustic alkali. --Encyc. Brit. [1913 Webster]

{Hydrolytic ferment} (Physiol. Chem.), an enzyme (formerly referred to as a ferment), which acts only in the presence of water, and which causes the substance acted upon to take up a molecule of water, resulting in the splitting of a chemical bond and often splitting one compound into two. Thus, diastase of malt, ptyalin of saliva, and boiling dilute sulphuric acid all convert starch by hydration into dextrin and sugar. Nearly all of the digestive enzymes are hydrolytic in their action. Since 1910 such an enzyme is usually referred to as a {{hydrolase}} or {{hydrolytic enzyme}}. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hydrolytic ferment — Hydrolase Hy dro*lase, n. [Hydrolysis + ase.] 1. (Chem.) an enzyme which causes the splitting of a chemical bond with the addition of the elements of water; a hydrolytic enzyme. Formerly called a {hydrolytic ferment}. Note: There are many known… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hydrolytic — Hy dro*lyt ic, a. [Hydro , 1 + Gr. ? to loose.] 1. (Chem.) Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water. [archaic] [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) of, pertaining to, or accompanied by {hydrolysis}. [PJC] Hydrolytic agents, such as sulphuric… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrolytic enzyme — Hydrolytic Hy dro*lyt ic, a. [Hydro , 1 + Gr. ? to loose.] 1. (Chem.) Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water. [archaic] [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) of, pertaining to, or accompanied by {hydrolysis}. [PJC] Hydrolytic agents, such as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ferment — Fer ment, n. [L. fermentum ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment. Cf. 1st {Barm}, {Fervent}.] 1. That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ferment oils — Ferment Fer ment, n. [L. fermentum ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment. Cf. 1st {Barm}, {Fervent}.] 1. That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acetic ferment — Ferment Fer ment, n. [L. fermentum ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment. Cf. 1st {Barm}, {Fervent}.] 1. That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • butyric ferment — Ferment Fer ment, n. [L. fermentum ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment. Cf. 1st {Barm}, {Fervent}.] 1. That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrolase — Hydrolytic Hy dro*lyt ic, a. [Hydro , 1 + Gr. ? to loose.] 1. (Chem.) Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water. [archaic] [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) of, pertaining to, or accompanied by {hydrolysis}. [PJC] Hydrolytic agents, such as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amidases — Hydrolase Hy dro*lase, n. [Hydrolysis + ase.] 1. (Chem.) an enzyme which causes the splitting of a chemical bond with the addition of the elements of water; a hydrolytic enzyme. Formerly called a {hydrolytic ferment}. Note: There are many known… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • esterases — Hydrolase Hy dro*lase, n. [Hydrolysis + ase.] 1. (Chem.) an enzyme which causes the splitting of a chemical bond with the addition of the elements of water; a hydrolytic enzyme. Formerly called a {hydrolytic ferment}. Note: There are many known… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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