Hydrolysis Hy*drol"y*sis, n. [Hydro-, 1 + -lysis.] (Chem.) A chemical process causing the splitting of a chemical bond by the addition of the elements of water. Where the bond which is split is not part of a ring structure, this process causes formation of two compounds from one compound plus water, as in the hydrolysis of the ester bonds of fats during {saponification}. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Hydrolysis — is a chemical reaction during which one or more water molecules are split into hydrogen and hydroxide ions which may go on to participate in further reactions. [Compendium of Chemical Terminology, [http://goldbook.iupac.org/H02902.html… …   Wikipedia

  • hydrolysis — hydrolysis. См. гидролиз. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • hydrolysis — chemical decomposition by water, 1880, formed in English from HYDRO (Cf. hydro ) + Gk. lysis a loosening, a dissolution, from lyein to loosen, dissolve (see LOSE (Cf. lose)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hydrolysis — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. DERIVATIVES hydrolytic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrolysis — [hī dräl′ə sis] n. pl. hydrolyses [hī dräl′isēz΄] [ HYDRO + LYSIS] a chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with water so as to be changed into one or more other substances, as a starch into glucose, natural fats into glycerol and fatty… …   English World dictionary

  • hydrolysis — /huy drol euh sis/, n., pl. hydrolyses / seez /. chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water. [1875 80; HYDRO 1 + LYSIS] * * * Chemical reaction in which water (H2O or HOH) and another reactant… …   Universalium

  • hydrolysis —   n. (pl. ses ) chemical decomposition by addition of water.    ♦ hydrolysate, n. product of hydrolysis.    ♦ hydrolyse, v.t.    ♦ hydrolytic, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizavimas statusas Aprobuotas sritis pašarai apibrėžtis Medžiagos skaidymas į paprastesnius cheminius junginius, naudojant tam tikrus apdorojimo vandeniu, rūgštimis, šarmais ar kitais reagentais būdus. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Skaidymas vandeniu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis; hydrolytic cleavage rus. гидролиз; гидролитическое расщепление ryšiai: sinonimas – hidrolizinis skaidymas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Grįžtamoji jonų reakcija su vandeniu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis rus. гидролиз …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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