Hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric Hy`dro*chlo"ric, a. [Hydro-, 2 + chloric: cf. F. hydrochlorique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or compounded of, chlorine and hydrogen gas; as, hydrochloric acid; chlorhydric. [1913 Webster]

{Hydrochloric acid} (Chem.), hydrogen chloride; a colorless, corrosive gas, {HCl}, of pungent, suffocating odor. It is made in great quantities in the soda process, by the action of sulphuric acid on common salt. It has a great affinity for water, and the commercial article is a strong solution of the gas in water. It is a typical acid, and is an indispensable agent in commercial and general chemical work. Called also {muriatic acid} and {chlorhydric acid}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrochloric acid — IUPAC name Hydrochloric acid[ …   Wikipedia

  • hydrochloric acid — [hī΄drə klôr′ik] n. a strong, highly corrosive acid that is a water solution of the gas hydrogen chloride, HCl: it is widely used in ore processing, for cleaning metals, as a reagent, etc …   English World dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — ► NOUN ▪ a strongly acidic solution of the gas hydrogen chloride …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — HCl; the acid of gastric juice. The commercial product is used as an escharotic; the gas and the concentrated solution are strong irritants. SYN: muriatic acid. diluted h. a preparation that contains, in each 100 mL, 10 g of HCl; used internally… …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — a colorless or faintly yellow, corrosive, fuming liquid, HCl, used chiefly in chemical and industrial processes. [1825 35] * * * or muriatic acid Solution in water of hydrogen chloride (HCl), a gaseous inorganic compound. It is a strong acid,… …   Universalium

  • hydrochloric acid — [[t]ha͟ɪdrəklɒrɪk æ̱sɪd[/t]] N UNCOUNT Hydrochloric acid is a colourless, strong acid containing hydrogen and chlorine …   English dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — a strong acid present, in a very dilute form, in gastric juice. The secretion of excess hydrochloric acid by the stomach results in the condition hyperchlorhydria …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — druskos rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis HCl tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid rus. соляная кислота; хлористоводородная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — vandenilio chloridas statusas T sritis chemija formulė HCl atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid; hydrogen chloride rus. водорода хлорид; хлороводород …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — noun A strong acid made by dissolving the gas, hydrogen chloride, in water. It reacts with alkalis, bases and many metals to form chlorides; it has many industrial applications Syn: E507, acidity regulator, muriatic a …   Wiktionary

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