Absolute temperature
Absolute Ab"so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch. [1913 Webster]

2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty. [1913 Webster]

So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to {relative} and {comparative}; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space. [1913 Webster]

Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations. [1913 Webster]

4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing. [1913 Webster]

Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist. The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws. [1913 Webster]

5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative. [1913 Webster]

Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect. [1913 Webster]

To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. --Sir W. Hamilton. [1913 Webster]

6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.] [1913 Webster]

I am absolute 't was very Cloten. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.] [1913 Webster]

The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. --Mrs. Browning. [1913 Webster]

8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol. [1913 Webster]

9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See {Ablative absolute}, under {Ablative}. [1913 Webster]

{Absolute curvature} (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve.

{Absolute equation} (Astron.), the sum of the optic and eccentric equations.

{Absolute space} (Physics), space considered without relation to material limits or objects.

{Absolute terms}. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not contain the unknown quantity. --Davies & Peck.

{Absolute temperature} (Physics), the temperature as measured on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.

{Absolute zero} (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to -273[deg] centigrade or -459.4[deg] Fahrenheit. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic; autocratic. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Absolute temperature — Temperature Tem per*a*ture, n. [F. temp[ e]rature, L. temperatura due measure, proportion, temper, temperament.] 1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality. [1913 Webster] The best composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absolute temperature — n. temperature measured from absolute zero on the Kelvin scale or on the Rankine scale * * * …   Universalium

  • absolute temperature — ► NOUN ▪ a temperature measured from absolute zero in kelvins …   English terms dictionary

  • absolute temperature — n. temperature measured from absolute zero on the Kelvin scale or on the Rankine scale …   English World dictionary

  • absolute temperature — noun temperature measured on the absolute scale (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑temperature * * * ˌabsolute ˈtemperature 7 [absolute temperature] noun uncountable …   Useful english dictionary

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Nesisteminis termodinamės temperatūros pavadinimas. atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная температура, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Temperatūra, skaičiuojama nuo absoliučiojo nulio, t. y. 0 K arba 273,16 ºC. atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная температура, f pranc. température absolue, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Termodinaminė temperatūra pagal Kelvino skalę (žr. temperatūros skalės). Matavimo vienetas – kelvinas (K). Daugelyje šalių – JAV, D. Britanijoje, Kanadoje, Australijoje ir kt. –… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

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