Absolute temperature
Temperature Tem"per*a*ture, n. [F. temp['e]rature, L. temperatura due measure, proportion, temper, temperament.] 1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality. [1913 Webster]

The best composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame and opinion, secrecy in habit, dissimulation in seasonable use, and a power to feign, if there be no remedy. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

Memory depends upon the consistence and the temperature of the brain. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

2. Freedom from passion; moderation. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

In that proud port, which her so goodly graceth, Most goodly temperature you may descry. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. (Physics) Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold; as, the temperature of the air; high temperature; low temperature; temperature of freezing or of boiling.

Note: The temperature of a liquid or a solid body as measured by a thermometer is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the consituent atoms or molecules of the body. For other states of matter such as plasma, electromagnetic radiation, or subatomic particles, an analogous measure of the average kinetic energy may be expressed as a temperature, although it could never be measured by a traditional thermometer, let alone by sensing with the skin. [1913 Webster +PJC]

4. Mixture; compound. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Made a temperature of brass and iron together. --Holland. [1913 Webster]

5. (Physiol. & Med.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98[deg]-99.5[deg] F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4[deg]). [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Absolute temperature}. (Physics) See under {Absolute}.

{Animal temperature} (Physiol.), the nearly constant temperature maintained in the bodies of warm-blooded (homoiothermal) animals during life. The ultimate source of the heat is to be found in the potential energy of the food and the oxygen which is absorbed from the air during respiration. See {Homoiothermal}.

{Temperature sense} (Physiol.), the faculty of perceiving cold and warmth, and so of perceiving differences of temperature in external objects. --H. N. Martin. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Absolute temperature — Absolute Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absolute temperature — n. temperature measured from absolute zero on the Kelvin scale or on the Rankine scale * * * …   Universalium

  • absolute temperature — ► NOUN ▪ a temperature measured from absolute zero in kelvins …   English terms dictionary

  • absolute temperature — n. temperature measured from absolute zero on the Kelvin scale or on the Rankine scale …   English World dictionary

  • absolute temperature — noun temperature measured on the absolute scale (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑temperature * * * ˌabsolute ˈtemperature 7 [absolute temperature] noun uncountable …   Useful english dictionary

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Nesisteminis termodinamės temperatūros pavadinimas. atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная температура, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Temperatūra, skaičiuojama nuo absoliučiojo nulio, t. y. 0 K arba 273,16 ºC. atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная температура, f pranc. température absolue, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Termodinaminė temperatūra pagal Kelvino skalę (žr. temperatūros skalės). Matavimo vienetas – kelvinas (K). Daugelyje šalių – JAV, D. Britanijoje, Kanadoje, Australijoje ir kt. –… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • absolute temperature — absoliučioji temperatūra statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Kūno temperatūra, skaičiuojama nuo absoliučiojo nulio. atitikmenys: angl. absolute temperature vok. absolute Temperatur, f rus. абсолютная температура …   Sporto terminų žodynas

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