Hippocampus Hip`po*cam"pus, n. [L., the sea horse, Gr. ? a hippocampus (in senses 1 and 2); "i`ppos horse + ? to bend.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A fabulous monster, with the head and fore quarters of a horse joined to the tail of a dolphin or other fish ({Hippocampus brevirostris}), -- seen in Pompeian paintings, attached to the chariot of Neptune. --Fairholt. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) A genus of lophobranch fishes of several species in which the head and neck have some resemblance to those of a horse; -- called also {sea horse}. [1913 Webster]

Note: They swim slowly, in an erect position, and often cling to seaweeds by means of the incurved prehensile tail. The male has a ventral pouch, in which it carries the eggs till hatched. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) A name applied to either of two ridges of white matter in each lateral ventricle of the brain. The larger is called hippocampus major or simply hippocampus. The smaller, hippocampus minor, is called also {ergot} and {calcar}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hippocampus — c.1600, a kind of sea monster, part horse and part dolphin or fish (they are often pictured pulling Neptune s chariot), from L.L. hippocampus, from Gk. hippokampos, from hippos “horse” + kampos “a sea monster,” perhaps related to kampe… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hippocampus — [hip΄ō kam′pəs] n. pl. hippocampi [hip΄ō kam′pī] [L, sea horse < Gr hippokampos, hippocampus < hippos (see HIPPO ) + kampos, sea monster] 1. Gr. & Rom. Myth. a sea monster with the head and forequarters of a horse and the tail of a dolphin… …   English World dictionary

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampus, 1) fabelhaftes Seethier mit roßähnlichem Kopfe u. gebogenem Fischschwanze, auf welchem die Künstler die Seegötter fahrend darstellten; bald tritt er mit zwei Roßhufen das Meer, bald schwimmt er mit breiten, gespaltenen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampus, das Seepferdchen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hippocampus — For other uses, see Hippocampus (disambiguation). Brain: Hippocampus The hippocampus is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. In this lateral view of the human brain, the frontal lobe is at le …   Wikipedia

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampe (poisson) Pour les articles homonymes, voir hippocampe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hippocampus — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor p …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hippocampus — Der Hippocampus (Plural Hippocampi) ist ein Bestandteil des Gehirns und zählt zu den evolutionär ältesten Strukturen des Gehirns. Er befindet sich im Temporallappen und ist eine zentrale Schaltstation des limbischen Systems. Es gibt einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hippocampus — An area buried deep in the forebrain that helps regulate emotion and memory. * * * The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin (“hem”) of the cortical mantle of the cerebral hemisphere, bordering the choroid fissure… …   Medical dictionary

  • hippocampus — Area of mammalian brain, and an important preparation for the study of neuronal plasticity. The hippocampus has been known since the 1950s to be important for long term memory storage in humans and other mammals; it is essential for initial… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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