Antimony
Antimony An"ti*mo*ny ([a^]n"t[i^]*m[-o]*n[y^]; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb. [1913 Webster]

Note: It is of tin-white color, brittle, laminated or crystalline, fusible, and vaporizable at a rather low temperature. It is used in some metallic alloys, as type metal and bell metal, and also for medical preparations, which are in general emetics or cathartics. By ancient writers, and some moderns, the term is applied to native gray ore of antimony, or stibnite (the stibium of the Romans, and the sti`mmi of the Greeks, a sulphide of antimony, from which most of the antimony of commerce is obtained. Cervantite, senarmontite, and valentinite are native oxides of antimony. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antimony — Administration Pays  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antimony — (n.) brittle metallic element, early 15c., from O.Fr. antimoine and directly from M.L. antimonium, an alchemist s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Gk. stimmi powdered antimony, black antimony… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Antimony — Antimony, UT U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • antimony — Symbol: Sb Atomic number: 51 Atomic weight: 121.75 Element of group 15. Multiple allotropic forms. The stable form of antimony is a blue white metal. Yellow and black antimony are unstable non metals. Used in flame proofing, paints, ceramics,… …   Elements of periodic system

  • antimony — [an′tə mō΄nē] n. [ME antimonie < OFr antimoine < ML antimonium < ? Ar al ithmid, antimony < Gr stimi (> L stibium) < Coptic stēm < Egypt sdmt, orig. mixture used to protect the eyes from flies] a silvery white, brittle,… …   English World dictionary

  • antimony — index antipode Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • antimony — ► NOUN ▪ a brittle silvery white metallic element. ORIGIN Latin antimonium …   English terms dictionary

  • Antimony — This article is about the element. For the town, see Antimony, Utah. Not to be confused with Antinomy, a type of paradox. tin ← antimony → tellurium As ↑ Sb ↓ Bi …   Wikipedia

  • antimony — antimonial, adj., n. /an teuh moh nee/, n. Chem. a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; at. no.: 51; at. wt.: 121.75. [1375 1425; late ME… …   Universalium

  • antimony — [15] Antimony, from medieval Latin antimōnium, was used by alchemists of the Middle Ages for ‘stibnite’, the mineral from which antimony is obtained, and for ‘stibium’, antiphon 28 or ‘black antimony’, a heated and powdered version of the mineral …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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