Hemp
Hemp Hemp (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka`nnabis, ka`nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some other language at an early time. Cf. {Cannabine}, {Canvas}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Cannabis} ({Cannabis sativa}), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber. [1913 Webster]

2. The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. The name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true hemp. [1913 Webster]

{African hemp}, {Bowstring hemp}. See under {African}, and {Bowstring}.

{Bastard hemp}, the Asiatic herb {Datisca cannabina}.

{Canada hemp}, a species of dogbane ({Apocynum cannabinum}), the fiber of which was used by the Indians.

{Hemp agrimony}, a coarse, composite herb of Europe ({Eupatorium cannabinum}), much like the American boneset.

{Hemp nettle}, a plant of the genus {Galeopsis} ({Galeopsis Tetrahit}), belonging to the Mint family.

{Indian hemp}. See under {Indian}, a.

{Manila hemp}, the fiber of {Musa textilis}.

{Sisal hemp}, the fiber of {Agave sisalana}, of Mexico and Yucatan.

{Sunn hemp}, a fiber obtained from a leguminous plant ({Crotalaria juncea}).

{Water hemp}, an annual American weed ({Acnida cannabina}), related to the amaranth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HEMP — HEMP, the plant Cannabis sativa called kanbus in talmudic literature. The Mishnah speaks of its fibers as being woven with or without linen (Kil. 9:1). The prohibition of sha atnez ( the mixture of wool and linen ) did not apply to coarse… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • hemp — [hemp] n. [ME < OE hænep (akin to Ger hanf, Du hennep) < PGmc * hanapa < * kanab , a pre Gmc borrowing < a (? Scythian) base > Gr kannabis: akin ? to Sumerian kunibu, hemp] 1. a) a tall Asiatic herb (Cannabis sativa) of the hemp… …   English World dictionary

  • hemp — n 1) a tall widely cultivated Asian herb of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa) with strong woody fiber used esp. for cordage 2) the fiber of hemp 3) a psychoactive drug (as marijuana or hashish) from hemp * * * n. see cannabis …   Medical dictionary

  • hemp — [ hemp ] noun uncount a plant with strong stems used for making rope. The drug MARIJUANA is made from some types of hemp …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hemp — O.E. hænep hemp, cannabis sativa, from P.Gmc. *hanapiz (Cf. O.S. hanap, O.N. hampr, O.H.G. hanaf, Ger. Hanf), probably a very early Germanic borrowing of the same Scythian word that became Gk. kannabis (see CANNABIS (Cf. cannabis)). As the name… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hemp — n. type of plant native to Asia; fiber from the hemp plant (used to make rope or twine); hashish, marijuana, narcotic substance from the hemp plant …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hemp — [hemp] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: hAnep] a type of plant that is used to make rope and sometimes to produce the drug ↑cannabis …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hemp — hemp; hemp·en; …   English syllables

  • hemp — ► NOUN 1) (also Indian hemp) the cannabis plant. 2) the fibre of this plant, extracted from the stem and used to make rope, strong fabrics, paper, etc. 3) the drug cannabis. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Hemp — Hemp, s. Hanf, S. 769 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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