Heaven Heav"en (h[e^]v"'n), n. [OE. heven, hefen, heofen, AS. heofon; akin to OS. hevan, LG. heben, heven, Icel. hifinn; of uncertain origin, cf. D. hemel, G. himmel, Icel. himmin, Goth. himins; perh. akin to, or influenced by, the root of E. heave, or from a root signifying to cover, cf. Goth. gaham[=o]n to put on, clothe one's self, G. hemd shirt, and perh. E. chemise.] 1. The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in the plural in this sense. [1913 Webster]

I never saw the heavens so dim by day. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time the sun in heaven. --D. Webster. [1913 Webster]

2. The dwelling place of the Deity; the abode of bliss; the place or state of the blessed after death. [1913 Webster]

Unto the God of love, high heaven's King. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

It is a knell That summons thee to heaven or to hell. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

New thoughts of God, new hopes of Heaven. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

Note: In this general sense heaven and its corresponding words in other languages have as various definite interpretations as there are phases of religious belief. [1913 Webster]

3. The sovereign of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed, collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.; as, heaven helps those who help themselves. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Her prayers, whom Heaven delights to hear. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

The will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. Any place of supreme happiness or great comfort; perfect felicity; bliss; a sublime or exalted condition; as, a heaven of delight. ``A heaven of beauty.'' --Shak. ``The brightest heaven of invention.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

O bed! bed! delicious bed! That heaven upon earth to the weary head! --Hood. [1913 Webster]

Note: Heaven is very often used, esp. with participles, in forming compound words, most of which need no special explanation; as, heaven-appeasing, heaven-aspiring, heaven-begot, heaven-born, heaven-bred, heaven-conducted, heaven-descended, heaven-directed, heaven-exalted, heaven-given, heaven-guided, heaven-inflicted, heaven-inspired, heaven-instructed, heaven-kissing, heaven-loved, heaven-moving, heaven-protected, heaven-taught, heaven-warring, and the like. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Heaven — • In the Holy Bible the term heaven denotes, in the first place, the blue firmament, or the region of the clouds that pass along the sky. Gen., i, 20, speaks of the birds under the firmament of heaven . In other passages it denotes the region of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • heaven — [hev′ən] n. [ME heven < OE heofon < IE base * k̑em , to cover (> LL camisia, shirt): akin to OHG himil and to OS hevan, ON, himinn (dat. hifne), with fn, v n < mn by dissimilation] 1. [usually pl.] the space surrounding or seeming to… …   English World dictionary

  • heaven — ► NOUN 1) a place regarded in various religions as the abode of God or the gods and of the good after death, often depicted as being above the sky. 2) (the heavens) literary the sky. 3) informal a place or state of supreme bliss. 4) (also… …   English terms dictionary

  • heaven — (n.) O.E. heofon home of God, earlier sky, firmament, probably from P.Gmc. *hibin , dissimilated from *himin (Cf. Low Ger. heben, O.N. himinn, Goth. himins, O.Fris. himul, Du. hemel, Ger. Himmel heaven, sky ), perhaps from PIE root *kem /*kam …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Heaven — Heav en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Heavened} (h[e^]v nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heavening}.] To place in happiness or bliss, as if in heaven; to beatify. [R.] [1913 Webster] We are happy as the bird whose nest Is heavened in the hush of purple hills. G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • heaven —    Heaven and hell (NARAKA) have been known to Hinduism since ancient times. VEDIC Hinduism conceived of a realm beyond the sky called svar or svarga, a realm of immortality and happiness beyond this world. One reached it through proper… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

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