Hearth penny
Hearth Hearth (h[aum]rth), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor[eth]; akin to D. haard, heerd, Sw. h["a]rd, G. herd; cf. Goth. ha['u]ri a coal, Icel. hyrr embers, and L. cremare to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a chimney, on which a fire is made; the floor of a fireplace; also, a corresponding part of a stove. [1913 Webster]

There was a fire on the hearth burning before him. --Jer. xxxvi. 22. [1913 Webster]

Where fires thou find'st unraked and hearths unswept. There pinch the maids as blue as bilberry. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. The house itself, as the abode of comfort to its inmates and of hospitality to strangers; fireside. [1913 Webster]

Household talk and phrases of the hearth. --Tennyson.

3. (Metal. & Manuf.) The floor of a furnace, on which the material to be heated lies, or the lowest part of a melting furnace, into which the melted material settles; as, an open-hearth smelting furnace. [1913 Webster +PJC]

{Hearth ends} (Metal.), fragments of lead ore ejected from the furnace by the blast.

{Hearth money}, {Hearth penny} [AS. heor[eth]pening], a tax formerly laid in England on hearths, each hearth (in all houses paying the church and poor rates) being taxed at two shillings; -- called also {chimney money}, etc. [1913 Webster]

He had been importuned by the common people to relieve them from the . . . burden of the hearth money. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hearth-penny — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun Etymology: Middle English herthpeny, from Old English heorthpenig; from heorth hearth + penig penny more at hearth, penny : peter penny …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hearth — (h[aum]rth), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor[eth]; akin to D. haard, heerd, Sw. h[ a]rd, G. herd; cf. Goth. ha[ u]ri a coal, Icel. hyrr embers, and L. cremare to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a chimney, on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hearth ends — Hearth Hearth (h[aum]rth), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor[eth]; akin to D. haard, heerd, Sw. h[ a]rd, G. herd; cf. Goth. ha[ u]ri a coal, Icel. hyrr embers, and L. cremare to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hearth money — Hearth Hearth (h[aum]rth), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor[eth]; akin to D. haard, heerd, Sw. h[ a]rd, G. herd; cf. Goth. ha[ u]ri a coal, Icel. hyrr embers, and L. cremare to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hearth-money — hearthˈ money, hearthˈ penny or hearthˈ tax noun (historical) A tax on hearths • • • Main Entry: ↑hearth …   Useful english dictionary

  • hearth-tax — hearthˈ money, hearthˈ penny or hearthˈ tax noun (historical) A tax on hearths • • • Main Entry: ↑hearth …   Useful english dictionary

  • hearth money — Peter Pe ter, n. A common baptismal name for a man. The name of one of the apostles, [1913 Webster] {Peter boat}, a fishing boat, sharp at both ends, originally of the Baltic Sea, but now common in certain English rivers. {Peter Funk}, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chimney money — Hearth Hearth (h[aum]rth), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor[eth]; akin to D. haard, heerd, Sw. h[ a]rd, G. herd; cf. Goth. ha[ u]ri a coal, Icel. hyrr embers, and L. cremare to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Peterspence — • The name traditionally given to an annual contribution or tribute (originally of a penny from each landowner) paid to the Holy See by various peoples of Christendom. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Peterspence     Peterspen …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • heorþpening — m ( es/ as) hearth penny, tax (for the Church), Peter s penny …   Old to modern English dictionary

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