Hartshorn Harts"horn` (-h[^o]rn`), n. 1. The horn or antler of the hart, or male red deer. [1913 Webster]

2. Spirits of hartshorn (see below); volatile salts. [1913 Webster]

{Hartshorn plantain} (Bot.), an annual species of plantain ({Plantago Coronopus}); -- called also {buck's-horn}. --Booth.

{Hartshorn shavings}, originally taken from the horns of harts, are now obtained chiefly by planing down the bones of calves. They afford a kind of jelly. --Hebert.

{Salt of hartshorn} (Chem.), an impure solid carbonate of ammonia, obtained by the destructive distillation of hartshorn, or any kind of bone; volatile salts. --Brande & C.

{Spirits of hartshorn} (Chem.), a solution of ammonia in water; -- so called because formerly obtained from hartshorn shavings by destructive distillation. Similar ammoniacal solutions from other sources have received the same name. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • hartshorn — ammonium carbonate, O.E. heortes hornes, from HART (Cf. hart) + HORN (Cf. horn) (n.). So called because a main early source of ammonia was the antlers of harts …   Etymology dictionary

  • hartshorn — [härts′hôrn΄] n. 1. a hart s antler 2. Now Rare ammonium carbonate, used in smelling salts; sal volatile: so called because formerly obtained from deers antlers …   English World dictionary

  • Hartshorn — Various substances were made from the shavings of the animals horns.The oil of hartshorn is a crude animal oil obtained from the destructive distillation of the deers bones or horns.The salt of hartshorn actually refers to two distinct substances …   Wikipedia

  • hartshorn — noun /ˈhɑːtshɔːn/ a) The antler of a hart, once used as a source of ammonia. Sophia, who had tottered along with much difficulty, sunk down in her chair; but by the assistance of hartshorn and water, she was prevented from fainting away... b) An… …   Wiktionary

  • hartshorn — A mixture of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate obtained from ammonium sulfate and calcium carbonate by sublimation; used as an expectorant and in smelling salts; so called because originally obtained from deer antlers. * …   Medical dictionary

  • Hartshorn — Recorded in the modern spellings of Hartshorn and Hartshorne, this is an English locational surname from a village of the same name in the county of Derbyshire.Both the village name and the surname have undergone some transition over the… …   Surnames reference

  • hartshorn — n. Carbonate of ammonia (in solution), spirits of hartshorn, liquid ammonia …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • hartshorn — n. archaic 1 an ammonious substance got from the horns of a hart. 2 (in full spirit of hartshorn) an aqueous solution of ammonia. Etymology: OE (as HART, HORN(1)) …   Useful english dictionary

  • hartshorn — noun Etymology: from the earlier use of hart s horns as the chief source of ammonia Date: 1685 a preparation of ammonia used as smelling salts …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hartshorn — /hahrts hawrn /, n. 1. the antler of a hart, formerly used as a source of ammonia. 2. ammonium carbonate. [bef. 1000; ME hertis horn, OE heortes horn. See HART, S1, HORN] * * * …   Universalium

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