Hard by
Hard Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster]

And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard. [1913 Webster]

3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. So as to raise difficulties. ``The question is hard set.'' --Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster]

5. With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously; energetically; as, to press, to blow, to rain hard; hence, rapidly; nimbly; as, to run hard. [1913 Webster]

6. Close or near. [1913 Webster]

Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. --Acts xviii. 7. [1913 Webster]

{Hard by}, {near by}; close at hand; not far off. ``Hard by a cottage chimney smokes.'' --Milton.

{Hard pushed}, {Hard run}, greatly pressed; as, he was hard pushed or hard run for time, money, etc. [Colloq.]

{Hard up}, closely pressed by want or necessity; without money or resources; as, hard up for amusements. [Slang] [1913 Webster]

Note: Hard in nautical language is often joined to words of command to the helmsman, denoting that the order should be carried out with the utmost energy, or that the helm should be put, in the direction indicated, to the extreme limit, as, Hard aport! Hard astarboard! Hard alee! Hard aweather! Hard up! Hard is also often used in composition with a participle; as, hard-baked; hard-earned; hard-featured; hard-working; hard-won. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • hard by — adv, prep BrE old use very near ▪ in a house hard by the city gate …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hard by — means mean close to or near …   The small dictionary of idiomes

  • hard by — adverb, preposition old use very near: in a house hard by the city gate …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • hard by — CLOSE TO, right by, beside, near (to), nearby, not far from, a stone s throw from, on the doorstep of; informal within spitting distance of, a hop, skip, and jump away from. → hard …   Useful english dictionary

  • hard by — close to. → hard …   English new terms dictionary

  • hard by — Close by, very near …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • hard by — Syn: close to, right by, beside, near (to), nearby, not far from, a stone s throw from, on the doorstep of; informal within spitting distance of, ‘a hop, skip, and jump away from.’ …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • hard by — UK / US adverb, preposition British old fashioned very close to something …   English dictionary

  • hard by — idi in close proximity to; near …   From formal English to slang

  • be hit hard by sth/be hard hit by sth — be hit hard/be hard hit (by sth) ► to be badly affected by something: »Car makers were among the hardest hit as consumers bought fewer vehicles last month. »The area has been hit hard by job losses in textiles and furniture. Main Entry: ↑hit …   Financial and business terms

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