Hard and fast

Hard and fast
Hard Hard (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. {Harder} (-[~e]r); superl. {Hardest}.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan. haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong, ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf. Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. {Hardy}.] 1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to {soft}; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple. [1913 Webster]

2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem. [1913 Webster]

The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex. xviii. 26. [1913 Webster]

In which are some things hard to be understood. --2 Peter iii. 16. [1913 Webster]

3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure. [1913 Webster]

4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful. [1913 Webster]

The stag was too hard for the horse. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

A power which will be always too hard for them. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms. [1913 Webster]

I never could drive a hard bargain. --Burke. [1913 Webster]

6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character. [1913 Webster]

7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style. [1913 Webster]

Figures harder than even the marble itself. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider. [1913 Webster]

9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc. [1913 Webster]

10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone. [1913 Webster]

11. (Painting) (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade. [1913 Webster]

{Hard cancer}, {Hard case}, etc. See under {Cancer}, {Case}, etc.

{Hard clam}, or {Hard-shelled clam} (Zo["o]l.), the quahog.

{Hard coal}, anthracite, as distinguished from {bituminous coal} ({soft coal}).

{Hard and fast}. (Naut.) See under {Fast}.

{Hard finish} (Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.

{Hard lines}, hardship; difficult conditions.

{Hard money}, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money.

{Hard oyster} (Zo["o]l.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.]

{Hard pan}, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See {Pan}.

{Hard rubber}. See under {Rubber}.

{Hard solder}. See under {Solder}.

{Hard water}, water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See {Hardness}, 3.

{Hard wood}, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc.

{In hard condition}, in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.

Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See {Solid}, and {Arduous}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hard-and-fast — UK US (also hard and fast) adjective ► definite and not to be changed, avoided, or ignored: »hard and fast deadlines/plans/guidelines hard and fast evidence/facts/answers »With whale research, hard and fast facts are difficult to come by. »There… …   Financial and business terms

  • Hard and fast — Fast Fast, a. [Compar. {Faster}; superl. {Fastest}.] [OE., firm, strong, not loose, AS. f[ae]st; akin to OS. fast, D. vast, OHG. fasti, festi, G. fest, Icel. fastr, Sw. & Dan. fast, and perh. to E. fetter. The sense swift comes from the idea of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hard-and-fast — adjective 1. ) not able to be changed: hard and fast rules/regulations 2. ) clear and not able to be questioned: hard and fast distinctions …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hard-and-fast — adj. invariable; firmly established; as, hard and fast regulations. Syn: strict. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hard-and-fast — hard′ and fast′ adj. strongly binding; not to be set aside or violated: hard and fast rules[/ex] • Etymology: 1865–70 hard′ and fast′ness, n …   From formal English to slang

  • hard-and-fast — adj [only before noun] clear, definite, and always able to be used ▪ It is impossible to give hard and fast rules , but here are some points to consider …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hard-and-fast — hard and fastness, n. /hahrd n fast , fahst /, adj. strongly binding; not to be set aside or violated: hard and fast rules. [1865 70] Syn. fixed, precise, inflexible, inviolable, rigorous, unambiguous. * * * …   Universalium

  • hard and fast — ► hard and fast (of a rule or distinction) fixed and definitive. Main Entry: ↑hard …   English terms dictionary

  • hard-and-fast — adjective (of rules) stringently enforced hard and fast rules • Syn: ↑strict • Similar to: ↑invariable • Derivationally related forms: ↑strictness (for: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • hard and fast — ADJ: usu with brd neg, usu ADJ n If you say that there are no hard and fast rules, or that there is no hard and fast information about something, you are indicating that there are no fixed or definite rules or facts. There are no hard and fast… …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”