Hard Hard (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. {Harder} (-[~e]r); superl. {Hardest}.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan. haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong, ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf. Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. {Hardy}.] 1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to {soft}; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple. [1913 Webster]

2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem. [1913 Webster]

The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex. xviii. 26. [1913 Webster]

In which are some things hard to be understood. --2 Peter iii. 16. [1913 Webster]

3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure. [1913 Webster]

4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful. [1913 Webster]

The stag was too hard for the horse. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

A power which will be always too hard for them. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms. [1913 Webster]

I never could drive a hard bargain. --Burke. [1913 Webster]

6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character. [1913 Webster]

7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style. [1913 Webster]

Figures harder than even the marble itself. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider. [1913 Webster]

9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc. [1913 Webster]

10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone. [1913 Webster]

11. (Painting) (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade. [1913 Webster]

{Hard cancer}, {Hard case}, etc. See under {Cancer}, {Case}, etc.

{Hard clam}, or {Hard-shelled clam} (Zo["o]l.), the quahog.

{Hard coal}, anthracite, as distinguished from {bituminous coal} ({soft coal}).

{Hard and fast}. (Naut.) See under {Fast}.

{Hard finish} (Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.

{Hard lines}, hardship; difficult conditions.

{Hard money}, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money.

{Hard oyster} (Zo["o]l.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.]

{Hard pan}, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See {Pan}.

{Hard rubber}. See under {Rubber}.

{Hard solder}. See under {Solder}.

{Hard water}, water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See {Hardness}, 3.

{Hard wood}, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc.

{In hard condition}, in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.

Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See {Solid}, and {Arduous}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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  • hard — [härd] adj. [ME < OE heard, akin to Ger hart < IE base * kar , hard > Gr karyon, nut, kratos, strength] 1. not easily dented, pierced, cut, or crushed; resistant to pressure; firm and unyielding to the touch; rigid; solid and compact 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Hard — Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hard — ► ADJECTIVE 1) solid, firm, and rigid; not easily broken, bent, or pierced. 2) requiring or demonstrating a great deal of endurance or effort; difficult. 3) (of a person) not showing any signs of weakness; tough. 4) (of information or a subject… …   English terms dictionary

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  • hard — (adj.) O.E. heard solid, firm, not soft, also severe, rigorous, cruel, from P.Gmc. *hardu (Cf. O.S., Du. hard, O.N. harðr hard, O.H.G. harto extremely, very, Ger. hart, Goth. hardus hard ), from PIE *kortu , (Cf. Gk. kratos …   Etymology dictionary

  • hard — [hɑːd ǁ hɑːrd] adjective 1. hard facts/​numbers information based on things that can be measured, rather than feelings or opinions: • Investors are again showing respect for hard numbers like quarterly earnings. • We have to separate the myths… …   Financial and business terms

  • hard — [ ard ] adj. et n. m. • 1971; mot angl. « dur » 1 ♦ Excessif et violent. Hard rock : forme de rock très violente. ♢ Cinéma, film hard, pornographique, très explicite. ⇒ pornographique, 2. X. Le hard. 2 ♦ N. m. ⇒ hardware. Le hard et le soft. ⊗… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hard — 1 solid, *firm Analogous words: compact, dense, *c!ose: consolidated, compacted, concentrated (see COMPACT vb): *hardened, indurated, callous Antonyms: soft Contrasted words: fluid, *Iiquid: flabby, flaccid, *Iimp: pliant, pliable, *plastic:… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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