H H ([=a]ch), the eighth letter of the English alphabet, is classed among the consonants, and is formed with the mouth organs in the same position as that of the succeeding vowel. It is used with certain consonants to form digraphs representing sounds which are not found in the alphabet, as sh, th, [th], as in shall, thing, [th]ine (for zh see [sect]274); also, to modify the sounds of some other letters, as when placed after c and p, with the former of which it represents a compound sound like that of tsh, as in charm (written also tch as in catch), with the latter, the sound of f, as in phase, phantom. In some words, mostly derived or introduced from foreign languages, h following c and g indicates that those consonants have the hard sound before e, i, and y, as in chemistry, chiromancy, chyle, Ghent, Ghibelline, etc.; in some others, ch has the sound of sh, as in chicane. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 153, 179, 181-3, 237-8. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name (aitch) is from the French ache; its form is from the Latin, and this from the Greek H, which was used as the sign of the spiritus asper (rough breathing) before it came to represent the long vowel, Gr. [eta]. The Greek H is from Ph[oe]nician, the ultimate origin probably being Egyptian. Etymologically H is most closely related to c; as in E. horn, L. cornu, Gr. ke`ras; E. hele, v. t., conceal; E. hide, L. cutis, Gr. ky`tos; E. hundred, L. centum, Gr. "e-kat-on, Skr. [.c]ata. [1913 Webster]

{H piece} (Mining), the part of a plunger pump which contains the valve. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • H — is the eighth letter in the Latin alphabet. Its name in both British and American English is spelled aitch [ H Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam Webster s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged …   Wikipedia

  • h — I 〈n.; , od. s; Mus.〉 Tonbez., Grundton der h Moll Tonleiter II 〈ohne Artikel; Mus.; Abk. für〉 h Moll (Tonartbez.) * * * h: 1) Vorsatzzeichen für Hekto ; 2) Einheitenzeichen [lat. hora = Stunde] für die Einheit Stunde; 3) Formelzeichen für den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • H — I 〈n.; , ; Mus.〉 Tonbez., Grundton der H Dur Tonleiter II 〈ohne Artikel〉 1. 〈Mus.; Abk. für〉 H Dur (Tonartbez.) 2. 〈chem. Zeichen für〉 Wasserstoff (Hydrogenium) 3. 〈Zeichen für〉 Henry * * * h: 1) Vorsatzzeichen für Hekto ; 2) Einheitenzeichen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • H — (латиница), Н (кириллица): H  буква латиницы. Н  буква кириллицы. Н (кана) знак каны. Обозначения на латинице в музыке H  нота си H  тонический аккорд тональности си мажор (H dur). His  нота си диез. h (Hm) … …   Википедия

  • H — H, der achte Buchstab des Deutschen Alphabetes, welcher ein dreyfaches Amt hat. 1. Ist er ein Buchstab im eigentlichsten und schärfsten Verstande, welcher einen etwas starken, aber doch nicht an den Gaumen angestoßenen Hauch ausdrucket, wo er… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Ĥ — in verschiedenen Schriften Ĥĥ Ĥ, kleingeschrieben ĥ, ist ein Buchstabe des lateinischen Alphabets. Es stellt ein H mit Zirkumflex dar. Es bezeichnet einen stimmlosen velaren Frikativ dar (w …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • — Das ẖ ist ein Buchstabe des lateinischen Alphabets. Er besteht aus einem H mit untergesetztem Makron. Das Zeichen wird in keiner Sprache verwendet, ist jedoch in einigen Transliterationsschemen anzutreffen. So wird der Buchstabe beispielsweise in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ĥ — Ĥ, or ĥ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiceless velar fricative IPA| [x] or voiceless uvular fricative IPA| [χ] .In the case of the minuscule, some fonts place the circumflex over the riser of the base letter h, others… …   Wikipedia

  • — H with macron below (unicode|H̱ ẖ) transliterates: *Arabic unicode|ẖāʼ (ﺥ) (also as ḫ) *Hebrew unicode|ẖet (ח) (also as ḫ) *Egyptian hieroglyph XUnicodeUnicode unicode|ẖ U+|1E96 Latin small letter h with line below is canonically equivalent to… …   Wikipedia

  • H — magis aspiratio est quam litera, ab Hebraeis ad Graecos, inde ad Latinos derivata, quam pluribus vocibus sine ratione et necessitate appositam, miratur A. Gell. l. 2. c. 3. Ciceronis tempore solis vocalibus adiecta, postmodum etiam consonantibus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • H — the pronunciation aitch was in O.Fr. (ache name of the letter H ), and is from a presumed L.L. *accha (Cf. It. effe, elle, emme), with the central sound approximating the value of the letter when it passed from Roman to Germanic, where it at… …   Etymology dictionary

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