Gymnosophist Gym*nos"o*phist (j[i^]m*n[o^]s"[-o]*f[i^]st), n. [Gr. gymnosofisth`s; gymno`s naked + sofisth`s philosopher; cf. F. gymnosophiste.] One of a sect of philosophers, said to have been found in India by Alexander the Great, who went almost naked, denied themselves the use of flesh, renounced bodily pleasures, and employed themselves in the contemplation of nature. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • gymnosophist — c.1400, from Gk. gymnosophistai the naked philosophers, from gymnos naked (see NAKED (Cf. naked)) + sophistes sophist (see SOPHIST (Cf. sophist)). Ancient Hindu holy men whose self denial extended to clothes; they were known to the Greeks through …   Etymology dictionary

  • gymnosophist — [jim näs′ə fist] n. [ME genosophis < L gymnosophistae, pl. < Gr gymnosophistai: see GYMNO & SOPHIST] a member of an ancient Hindu sect of ascetics who wore little or no clothing …   English World dictionary

  • Gymnosophist — Als Gymnosophisten (gebildet aus altgriechisch γυμνός gymnós „nackt“ und altgriechisch σοφία sophía = „Weisheit“ griechisch γυμνοσοφισταί, „nackte Weise“) bezeichneten die Griechen indische Asketen, denen Alexander der Große… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gymnosophist — noun /ʤɪmˈnɒsəfɪst/ One of a school of ancient Indian ascetic philosophers, reported in antiquity, who wore little clothing; a mystic. I was speaking today with an unclothed Hindu religious, a parama hamsa, on the steps of a Portuguese church, a… …   Wiktionary

  • gymnosophist — noun Etymology: Latin gymnosophista, from Greek gymnosophistēs, from gymnos + sophistēs wise man, sophist Date: 15th century any of a sect of ascetics in ancient India who went naked and practiced meditation …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gymnosophist — gymnosophy, n. /jim nos euh fist/, n. one of a group of Jainist philosophers, existing from ancient times to c1000, characterized by refusal to wear clothes and the abandonment of caste marks; a member of the Digambara sect. [1400 50; late ME < L …   Universalium

  • Gymnosophist — Gym|no|so|phịst, der; en, en [griech. gymnosophiste̅s]: indischer Asket in der griechischen Literatur u. in der Historiographie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gymnosophist — Gym|no|so|phist der; en, en <aus gr. gymnosophiste̅s, eigtl. »nackter Weiser«> griech. Bez. für einen indischen ↑Asketen (↑Jogi) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gymnosophist — [dʒɪm nɒsəfɪst] noun a member of an ancient Hindu sect who wore very little clothing and were given to asceticism and contemplation. Derivatives gymnosophy noun Origin ME: from Fr. gymnosophiste, via L. from Gk gumnosophistai (plural), from… …   English new terms dictionary

  • gymnosophist — gym·nos·o·phist …   English syllables

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