Gum elastic
Elastic E*las"tic ([-e]*l[a^]s"t[i^]k), a. [Formed fr. Gr. 'elay`nein to drive; prob. akin to L. alacer lively, brisk, and E. alacrity: cf. F. ['e]lastique.] 1. Springing back; having a power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, drawn, pressed, or twisted; springy; having the power of rebounding; as, a bow is elastic; the air is elastic; India rubber is elastic. [1913 Webster]

Capable of being drawn out by force like a piece of elastic gum, and by its own elasticity returning, when the force is removed, to its former position. --Paley. [1913 Webster]

2. Able to return quickly to a former state or condition, after being depressed or overtaxed; having power to recover easily from shocks and trials; as, elastic spirits; an elastic constitution. [1913 Webster]

{Elastic bitumen}. (Min.) See {Elaterite}.

{Elastic curve}. (a) (Geom.) The curve made by a thin elastic rod fixed horizontally at one end and loaded at the other. (b) (Mech.) The figure assumed by the longitudinal axis of an originally straight bar under any system of bending forces. --Rankine.

{Elastic fluids}, those which have the property of expanding in all directions on the removal of external pressure, as the air, steam, and other gases and vapors.

{Elastic limit} (Mech.), the limit of distortion, by bending, stretching, etc., that a body can undergo and yet return to its original form when relieved from stress; also, the unit force or stress required to produce this distortion. Within the elastic limit the distortion is directly proportional to the stress producing it.

{Elastic tissue} (Anat.), a variety of connective tissue consisting of a network of slender and very elastic fibers which are but slightly affected by acids or alkalies.

{Gum elastic}, caoutchouc. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gum elastic — Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gum elastic — noun an elastic material obtained from the latex sap of trees (especially trees of the genera Hevea and Ficus) that can be vulcanized and finished into a variety of products • Syn: ↑rubber, ↑natural rubber, ↑India rubber, ↑caoutchouc •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • gum elastic — Caoutchouc Caout chouc, n. [F. caoutchouc, from the South American name.] A tenacious, elastic, gummy substance obtained from the milky sap of several plants of tropical South America (esp. the euphorbiaceous tree {Siphonia elastica} or {Hevea… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gum elastic — gum′ elas tic n. rubber I, 1) • Etymology: 1780–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • gum elastic — rubber1 (def. 1). [1780 90] * * * …   Universalium

  • GUM ELASTIC —    See INDIA RUBBER …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • gum-elastic — n. Caoutchouc, india rubber …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • Elastic gum — Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gum acacia — Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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