Gum
Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) See {Gum tree}, {below}. [1913 Webster]

3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log. [Southern U. S.] [1913 Webster]

4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]

{Black gum}, {Blue gum}, {British gum}, etc. See under {Black}, {Blue}, etc.

{Gum Acaroidea}, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}).

{Gum animal} (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See {Galago}.

{Gum animi or anim['e]}. See {Anim['e]}.

{Gum arabic}, a gum yielded mostly by several species of {Acacia} (chiefly {A. vera} and {A. Arabica}) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also {gum acacia}. East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.

{Gum butea}, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea frondosa} and {B. superba}, and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.

{Gum cistus}, a plant of the genus {Cistus} ({Cistus ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

{Gum dragon}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum elastic}, {Elastic gum}. See {Caoutchouc}.

{Gum elemi}. See {Elemi}.

{Gum juniper}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum kino}. See under {Kino}.

{Gum lac}. See {Lac}.

{Gum Ladanum}, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.

{Gum passages}, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ({Amygdalace[ae]}, {Cactace[ae]}, etc.), and affording passage for gum.

{Gum pot}, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.

{Gum resin}, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

{Gum sandarac}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum Senegal}, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ({Acacia Verek} and {A. Adansoni["a]}) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.

{Gum tragacanth}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum water}, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

{Gum wood}, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the {Eucalyptus piperita}, of New South Wales. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gum — or GUM may refer to:Confectionary* Chewing gum * Functional chewing gum or Functional gum * Bubble gum * Wine gum * Gumdrop * Gum base * Gum industryNatural gums* Gum anima * Gum arabic * Cassia gum * Dammar gum * Gellan gum * Guar gum * Locust… …   Wikipedia

  • Gum — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gum — gum1 [gum] n. [ME gomme < OFr < LL gumma < L gummi, cummi < Gr kommi < Egypt qmyt] 1. a sticky, colloidal carbohydrate found in certain trees and plants, which dries into an uncrystallized, brittle mass that dissolves or swells in… …   English World dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gummed} (g[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gumming}.] 1. To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance. [1913 Webster] He frets like a gummed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • GUM — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gum — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gum — Ⅰ. gum [1] ► NOUN 1) a thick sticky substance produced by some trees and shrubs. 2) glue used for sticking paper or other light materials together. 3) chewing gum or bubble gum. 4) a firm, jelly like sweet. ► VERB (gummed …   English terms dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gome, AS. gama palate; akin Co G. gaumen, OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. g?mr, Sw. gom; cf. Gr. ? to gape.] The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws. [1913 Webster] {Gum rash} (Med.), strophulus in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — Gum, v. i. To exude or form gum; to become gummy. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — Gum, v. t. To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw). See {Gummer}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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