Groined vault
Vault Vault (v[add]lt; see Note, below), n. [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. vo[^u]te, LL. volta, for voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about. See {Voluble}, and cf. {Vault} a leap, {Volt} a turn, {Volute}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Arch.) An arched structure of masonry, forming a ceiling or canopy. [1913 Webster]

The long-drawn aisle and fretted vault. --Gray. [1913 Webster]

2. An arched apartment; especially, a subterranean room, use for storing articles, for a prison, for interment, or the like; a cell; a cellar. ``Charnel vaults.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The silent vaults of death. --Sandys. [1913 Webster]

To banish rats that haunt our vault. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

3. The canopy of heaven; the sky. [1913 Webster]

That heaven's vault should crack. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. [F. volte, It. volta, originally, a turn, and the same word as volta an arch. See the Etymology above.] A leap or bound. Specifically: (a) (Man.) The bound or leap of a horse; a curvet. (b) A leap by aid of the hands, or of a pole, springboard, or the like. [1913 Webster]

Note: The l in this word was formerly often suppressed in pronunciation. [1913 Webster]

{Barrel vault}, {Cradle vault}, {Cylindrical vault}, or {Wagon vault} (Arch.), a kind of vault having two parallel abutments, and the same section or profile at all points. It may be rampant, as over a staircase (see {Rampant vault}, under {Rampant}), or curved in plan, as around the apse of a church.

{Coved vault}. (Arch.) See under 1st {Cove}, v. t.

{Groined vault} (Arch.), a vault having groins, that is, one in which different cylindrical surfaces intersect one another, as distinguished from a barrel, or wagon, vault.

{Rampant vault}. (Arch.) See under {Rampant}.

{Ribbed vault} (Arch.), a vault differing from others in having solid ribs which bear the weight of the vaulted surface. True Gothic vaults are of this character.

{Vault light}, a partly glazed plate inserted in a pavement or ceiling to admit light to a vault below. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • groined vault — noun two barrel vaults intersecting at right angles • Hypernyms: ↑vault …   Useful english dictionary

  • Groined — Groined, a. (Arch.) Built with groins; as, a groined ceiling; a groined vault. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vault — (v[add]lt; see Note, below), n. [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. vo[^u]te, LL. volta, for voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about. See {Voluble}, and cf. {Vault} a leap, {Volt} a turn, {Volute}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Arch.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vault light — Vault Vault (v[add]lt; see Note, below), n. [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. vo[^u]te, LL. volta, for voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about. See {Voluble}, and cf. {Vault} a leap, {Volt} a turn, {Volute}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vault, Literne — ♦ Vault with short intermediate ribs not rising from the springing. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) Related terms: Literne Vault, Vault, Barrel, Vault, Groined, Vault, Fan, Vaulting, Vault, Quadripartite, Vault, Ribbed, Vault,… …   Medieval glossary

  • Vault, Quadripartite — ♦ Vault of four compartments divided by ribs. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) Related terms: Quadripartite, Quadripartite Vault, Vaulting, Vault, Sexpartite, Vault, Ribbed, Vault, Literne, Vault, Groined, Vault, Barrel …   Medieval glossary

  • Vault (architecture) — A Vault (French. voute, Italian. volta, German. Gewölbe, Polish. sklepienie , Spanish. bóveda ) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof. url=http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article… …   Wikipedia

  • Vault, Groined — ♦ Cross vaulting, formed by intersection of simple vaulting surfaces. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) Related terms: Groin, Groined Vault, Vault, Barrel, Vaulting, Vault, Ribbed, Vault, Quadripartite, Vault, Sexpartite, Vault,… …   Medieval glossary

  • Vault, Fan — 1) Vault with numerous ribs sprining in equal curves, to give fan like effect; 15th and 16th centuries. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) 2) A vault in which ribs of the same length and curvature spring from the same point,… …   Medieval glossary

  • Vault, Barrel — ♦ Continuous arched vault, semi circular, segmental or segmental pointed, plain or with transverse ribs. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) Related terms: Barrel Vault, Vault, Quadripartite, Vault, Sexpartite, Vault, Fan, Vault,… …   Medieval glossary

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