Antecedent
Antecedent An`te*ced"ent, n. [Cf. F. ant['e]c['e]dent.] 1. That which goes before in time; that which precedes. --South. [1913 Webster]

The Homeric mythology, as well as the Homeric language, has surely its antecedents. --Max Miller. [1913 Webster]

2. One who precedes or goes in front. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

My antecedent, or my gentleman usher. --Massinger. [1913 Webster]

3. pl. The earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history. --J. H. Newman. [1913 Webster]

If the troops . . . prove worthy of their antecedents, the victory is surely ours. --Gen. G. McClellan. [1913 Webster]

4. (Gram.) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence ``Solomon was the prince who built the temple,'' prince is the antecedent of who. [1913 Webster]

5. (Logic) (a) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move. (b) The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die. [1913 Webster]

6. (Math.) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • antécédent — antécédent, ente [ ɑ̃tesedɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. m. • 1361; lat. antecedens, de cedere « aller » I ♦ Adj. Rare Antérieur logiquement ou chronologiquement. « Question sociale ? Certes. Mais la question morale est antécédente » (A. Gide). Géol. Qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • antecedent — ANTECEDÉNT, antecedente, s.n., adj. 1. s.n. Fapt, întâmplare anterioară unei anumite date sau stări. ♢ Antecedent penal = fapt penal existent în trecutul inculpatului şi de care instanţa judecătorească ţine seama la stabilirea pedepsei. ♦ (La… …   Dicționar Român

  • antécédent — antécédent, ente 1. (an té sé dan, dan t ) adj. Qui précède dans l ordre des temps. Des actes antécédents annulent celui ci. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Antecedens, de ante, avant (voy. ains), et cedere, aller (voy. céder) ; provenç. anteceden ; …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Antecedent — Antécédent Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antecedent — ANTECEDENT, ENTE. adj. Qui est auparavant, qui précède en temps. Les actes antécédens. Les procéduresantécédentes.Antécédent, s. m. en termes de Grammaire, se dit Des noms et des pronoms, quand ils précèdent et régissent le relatif qui. Ainsi… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • antecedent — ANTECEDENT, [anteced]ente. adj. verbal. Du verbe anteceder, lequel n est point en usage. Il signifie qui est avant, qui precede en temps. Les actes antecedents. les procedures antecedentes, dans les chapitres antecedents de ce livre. les Conciles …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Antecedent — An te*ced ent, a. [L. antecedens, entis, p. pr. of antecedere: cf. F. ant[ e]c[ e]dent.] 1. Going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause. [1913 Webster] 2. Presumptive; as, an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antecedent — an·te·ce·dent /ˌan tə sēd ənt/ adj: earlier in time or order Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. antecedent …   Law dictionary

  • antecedent — late 14c. (n. and adj.), from O.Fr. antecedent (14c.) or directly from L. antecedentem (nom. antecedens), prp. of antecedere go before, precede, from ante before (see ANTE (Cf. ante)) + cedere to yield (see CEDE (Cf. cede)). Used as a noun in La …   Etymology dictionary

  • antecedent — antecèdent (antecedȅnt) m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. prethodnik 2. lingv. riječ ili dio rečenice na koji se odnosi relativna rečenica ETIMOLOGIJA vidi antecedencija …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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