Great circle of a sphere
Great Great (gr[=a]t), a. [Compar. {Greater}; superl. {Greatest}.] [OE. gret, great, AS. gre['a]t; akin to OS. & LG. gr[=o]t, D. groot, OHG. gr[=o]z, G. gross. Cf. {Groat} the coin.] 1. Large in space; of much size; big; immense; enormous; expanded; -- opposed to {small} and {little}; as, a great house, ship, farm, plain, distance, length. [1913 Webster]

2. Large in number; numerous; as, a great company, multitude, series, etc. [1913 Webster]

3. Long continued; lengthened in duration; prolonged in time; as, a great while; a great interval. [1913 Webster]

4. Superior; admirable; commanding; -- applied to thoughts, actions, and feelings. [1913 Webster]

5. Endowed with extraordinary powers; uncommonly gifted; able to accomplish vast results; strong; powerful; mighty; noble; as, a great hero, scholar, genius, philosopher, etc. [1913 Webster]

6. Holding a chief position; elevated: lofty: eminent; distinguished; foremost; principal; as, great men; the great seal; the great marshal, etc. [1913 Webster]

He doth object I am too great of birth. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. Entitled to earnest consideration; weighty; important; as, a great argument, truth, or principle. [1913 Webster]

8. Pregnant; big (with young). [1913 Webster]

The ewes great with young. --Ps. lxxviii. 71. [1913 Webster]

9. More than ordinary in degree; very considerable in degree; as, to use great caution; to be in great pain. [1913 Webster]

We have all Great cause to give great thanks. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

10. (Genealogy) Older, younger, or more remote, by single generation; -- often used before grand to indicate one degree more remote in the direct line of descent; as, great-grandfather (a grandfather's or a grandmother's father), great-grandson, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Great bear} (Astron.), the constellation Ursa Major.

{Great cattle} (Law), all manner of cattle except sheep and yearlings. --Wharton.

{Great charter} (Eng. Hist.), Magna Charta.

{Great circle of a sphere}, a circle the plane of which passes through the center of the sphere.

{Great circle sailing}, the process or art of conducting a ship on a great circle of the globe or on the shortest arc between two places.

{Great go}, the final examination for a degree at the University of Oxford, England; -- called also {greats}. --T. Hughes.

{Great guns}. (Naut.) See under Gun.

{The Great Lakes} the large fresh-water lakes (Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) which lie on the northern borders of the United States.

{Great master}. Same as {Grand master}, under {Grand}.

{Great organ} (Mus.), the largest and loudest of the three parts of a grand organ (the others being the choir organ and the swell, and sometimes the pedal organ or foot keys), It is played upon by a separate keyboard, which has the middle position.

{The great powers} (of Europe), in modern diplomacy, Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria, Russia, and Italy.

{Great primer}. See under {Type}.

{Great scale} (Mus.), the complete scale; -- employed to designate the entire series of musical sounds from lowest to highest.

{Great sea}, the Mediterranean sea. In Chaucer both the Black and the Mediterranean seas are so called.

{Great seal}. (a) The principal seal of a kingdom or state. (b) In Great Britain, the lord chancellor (who is custodian of this seal); also, his office.

{Great tithes}. See under Tithes.

{The great}, the eminent, distinguished, or powerful.

{The Great Spirit}, among the North American Indians, their chief or principal deity.

{To be great} (with one), to be intimate or familiar (with him). --Bacon. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Circle of the sphere — Circle Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Osculating circle of a curve — Circle Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sector of a sphere — Sector Sec tor, n. [L., properly, a cutter, fr. secare, sectum, to cut: cf. F. secteur. See {Section}.] 1. (Geom.) A part of a circle comprehended between two radii and the included arc. [1913 Webster] 2. A mathematical instrument, consisting of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Great circle sailing — Great Great (gr[=a]t), a. [Compar. {Greater}; superl. {Greatest}.] [OE. gret, great, AS. gre[ a]t; akin to OS. & LG. gr[=o]t, D. groot, OHG. gr[=o]z, G. gross. Cf. {Groat} the coin.] 1. Large in space; of much size; big; immense; enormous;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • great circle — A circle on the surface of the sphere (earth) whose center and radii are those of the sphere itself. Only one great circle may be drawn through two places that are not diametrically opposite on the surface of a sphere. The shortest distance… …   Aviation dictionary

  • Great circle — For fictional interstellar organization called Great Circle, see Andromeda (novel). A great circle divides the sphere in two equal hemispheres A great circle, also known as a Riemannian circle, of a sphere is the intersection of the sphere and a… …   Wikipedia

  • circle of declination — Astron. See hour circle. [1585 95] * * * circle of declination, Astronomy. a great circle of the sphere, the plane of which is perpendicular to the equator …   Useful english dictionary

  • Circle of altitude — Circle Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Circle of curvature — Circle Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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