Gravitation constant
Constant Con"stant, n. 1. That which is not subject to change; that which is invariable. [1913 Webster]

2. (Math.) A quantity that does not change its value; -- used in countradistinction to {variable}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Astron.) A number whose value, when ascertained (as by observation) and substituted in a general mathematical formula expressing an astronomical law, completely determines that law and enables predictions to be made of its effect in particular cases. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

4. (Physics) A number expressing some property or condition of a substance or of an instrument of precision; as, the dielectric constant of quartz; the collimation constant of a transit instrument. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. (Computers) a data structure that does not change during the course of execution of a program. It may be a number, a string, or a more complex data structure; -- contrasted with {variable}. [PJC]

{Aberration constant}, or {Constant of aberration} (Astron.), a number which by substitution in the general formula for aberration enables a prediction to be made of the effect of aberration on a star anywhere situated. Its value is 20[sec].47.

{Absolute constant} (Math.), one whose value is absolutely the same under all circumstances, as the number 10, or any numeral.

{Arbitrary constant}, an undetermined constant in a differential equation having the same value during all changes in the values of the variables.

{Gravitation constant} (Physics), the acceleration per unit of time produced by the attraction of a unit of mass at unit distance. When this is known the acceleration produced at any distance can be calculated.

{Solar constant} (Astron.), the quantity of heat received by the earth from the sun in a unit of time. It is, on the C. G. S. system, 0.0417 small calories per square centimeter per second. --Young. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Constant of integration} (Math.), an undetermined constant added to every result of integration. [1913 Webster + Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • gravitation constant — gravitacijos konstanta statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. gravitation constant; gravity constant vok. Gravitationskonstante, f rus. гравитационная постоянная, f; постоянная всемирного тяготения, f pranc. constante de la gravitation, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Constant — Con stant, n. 1. That which is not subject to change; that which is invariable. [1913 Webster] 2. (Math.) A quantity that does not change its value; used in countradistinction to {variable}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Astron.) A number whose value, when… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Constant of aberration — Constant Con stant, n. 1. That which is not subject to change; that which is invariable. [1913 Webster] 2. (Math.) A quantity that does not change its value; used in countradistinction to {variable}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Astron.) A number whose… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Constant of integration — Constant Con stant, n. 1. That which is not subject to change; that which is invariable. [1913 Webster] 2. (Math.) A quantity that does not change its value; used in countradistinction to {variable}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Astron.) A number whose… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gravitation — is a natural phenomenon by which objects with mass attract one another [http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Relativity/GR/grav speed.html Does Gravity Travel at the Speed of Light?] , UCR Mathematics . 1998. Retrieved 3 July 2008] . In everyday …   Wikipedia

  • gravitation — gravitational, adj. gravitationally, adv. /grav i tay sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. a. the force of attraction between any two masses. Cf. law of gravitation. b. an act or process caused by this force. 2. a sinking or falling …   Universalium

  • constant of gravitation — noun (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton s law of gravitation • Syn: ↑gravitational constant, ↑universal gravitational constant, ↑G • Topics: ↑physics, ↑natural philosophy …   Useful english dictionary

  • constant of gravitation — Physics. See under law of gravitation. Symbol: G Also called gravitational constant. * * * …   Universalium

  • gravitation — The force of attraction between any two bodies in the universe, varying directly as the product of their masses and inversely as the square of the distance between their centers; expressed as F = Gm1m2l−2, where G (Newtonian constant of g.) =… …   Medical dictionary

  • constant — A quantity that, under stated conditions, does not vary with changes in the environment. association c. 1. in experimental immunology, a mathematical expression of hapten antibody interaction : average association c., K = [hapten bound… …   Medical dictionary

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