Goiter Goi"ter Goitre Goi"tre, n. [F. go[^i]tre, L. guttur throat, cf. tumidum guttur goiter, gutturosus goitered. See {Guttural}.] (Med.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck, usually resulting from iodine deficiency; bronchocele. It is frequently associated with cretinism, and was at one time common in mountainous regions, especially in certain parts of Switzerland. The incidence of goiter has been substantially reduced by addition of iodine to ceratin foods, such as salt.

Syn: struma. [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • goiter — 1620s, from Fr. goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from O.Prov. goitron throat, gullet, from V.L. *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from L. guttur throat (see GUTTURAL (Cf. guttural)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • goiter — [goit′ər] n. [Fr goitre, back form. < OFr goitron, throat < VL * gutturio < L guttur, throat: see GUTTURAL] an enlargement of the thyroid gland, often visible as a swelling in the lower part of the front of the neck: also Chiefly Brit.… …   English World dictionary

  • goiter — /goy teuhr/, n. Pathol. an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, esp. hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet. Also, esp. Brit., goitre. Cf. exophthalmic …   Universalium

  • goiter — A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm, occurring endemically in certain localities, especially regions where glaciation occurred and the soil is low in iodine, and sporadically elsewhere. SYN: struma (1). [Fr. from L.… …   Medical dictionary

  • goiter — noun Etymology: French goitre, from Middle French, back formation from goitron throat, from Vulgar Latin *guttrion , guttrio, from Latin guttur Date: 1625 an enlargement of the thyroid gland visible as a swelling of the front of the neck compare… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • goiter — a dietary disease of fish caused by a lack of iodine …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • goiter — Synonyms and related words: Lombardy leprosy, anemia, ariboflavinosis, beriberi, cachexia, chlorosis, deficiency anemia, dermatitis, greensickness, keratomalacia, kwashiorkor, maidism, malnutrition, night blindness, osteomalacia, osteoporosis,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • goiter — goi|ter [ gɔıtər ] noun count or uncount a disease that affects your THYROID GLAND and makes your neck swollen …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • goiter — goi·ter || gɔɪtÉ™(r) n. (Medicine) abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland (also goitre) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • goiter — goi·ter …   English syllables

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