Glycolic acid

Glycolic acid
Glycolic Gly*col"ic, a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, glycol; as, glycolic ether; glycolic acid. [1913 Webster]

{Glycolic acid} (Chem.), an organic acid, found naturally in unripe grapes and in the leaves of the wild grape ({Ampelopsis quinquefolia}), and produced artificially in many ways, as by the oxidation of glycol, -- whence its name. It is a sirupy, or white crystalline, substance, {HO.CH2.CO2H}, has the properties both of an alcohol and an acid, and is a type of the hydroxy acids; -- called also {hydroxyacetic acid}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • glycolic acid — [glī käl′ik] n. a crystalline acid, CH2OHCOOH, found in sugar cane or prepared by the oxidation of glycol …   English World dictionary

  • Glycolic acid — Chembox new Name = Glycolic acid ImageFileL1 = glycolic acid.svg ImageSizeL1 = 120px ImageNameL1 = Chemical structure of glycolic acid ImageFileR1 = Glycolic acid3d.png ImageSizeR1 = 140px ImageNameR1 = Ball and stick model of glycolic acid… …   Wikipedia

  • glycolic acid — An intermediate in the interconversion of glycine and ethanolamine. SYN: hydroxyacetic acid. * * * glycolic acid also glycollic acid n an alpha hydroxy acid C2H4O3 that is oxidized to glyoxylic acid in photosynthesis, is used as an agent to… …   Medical dictionary

  • glycolic acid — glikolio rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOCH₂COOH atitikmenys: angl. glycolic acid rus. гликолевая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – hidroksietano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • glycolic acid — noun a translucent crystalline compound found in sugar cane and sugar beets and unripe grapes • Syn: ↑glycollic acid, ↑hydroxyacetic acid • Hypernyms: ↑acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • glycolic acid — or glycollic acid noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary glycol + 1 ic Date: 1852 an alpha hydroxy acid C2H4O3 found especially in unripe grapes and sugar beets and used especially in textile and leather processing and in skin care… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • glycolic acid — a colorless, crystalline, water soluble powder, C2H4O3, that is a major substrate for photorespiration in plants: used chiefly for textile printing and dyeing and in pesticides. Also, glycollic acid. Also called hydroxyacetic acid. [1850 55] * *… …   Universalium

  • glycolic acid — noun the simplest alpha hydroxy acid, hydroxy acetic acid, found in sugar cane and unripe grapes; used in cosmetics etc See Also: glycolate …   Wiktionary

  • glycolic acid — Hydroxyacetic acid; found in young plants and green fruits. Glycolate is formed from ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate in a seemingly wasteful side reaction of photosynthesis, known as photorespiration …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • glycolic acid — fruit acid (colorless crystalline compound found in unripe grapes, sugar cane and sugar beet) used in pharmaceuticals (such as topical exfoliation of skin cells) and pesticides …   English contemporary dictionary

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